By John Colarusso
This can be the 1st complete grammar of a non-Indo-European language from the Northwest Caucasian relatives in a language except Russian that covers all components of the grammar. Kabardian is complicated at each point. The language taken care of isn't the literary typical, yet Kabardian because it used to be present in texts & within the mouths of Kabardians. This examine is an improve over grammatical sketches of similar languages in that it supplies an entire account of the phonology & morphology of the language, accounting for what have been formerly often called 'random variants'. The publication offers the reader the 1st account of the syntax of this language. it's going to provide the world professional entry to the language. it is going to supply the linguist attracted to complicated languages entry to an awfully tricky language, & it is going to supply the theoretical linguist entry to a language that shows topological exotica at each point of its grammar, from phonetics to the lexicon.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of the Kabardian Language
22) Reduction of /a/ a. /wana-w/ —> /wans-w/ ([wuryiu1]) house-pred/comp 'being a house' or 'that it is a house' b. /0-}^^-ha-w/^/0-x^^-h^-w/([x^^fl,fiu•]) 3-happen-pl-pred/comp 'those things having happened' or 'that those things came to pass' c. 2 Sequences of Open Vowels In verbal morphology sequences of /a-a/ can arise, as in (23a-e). In (230 the noun for 'god' can also show a type of emphatic lengthening. 24 2. Phonetics and Phonology (23) /a-a/ sequences in verbs a. ' b. ' c. ' d. ' e. ' f.
E. /a-ha-r 0-0-y-a-a-w-pXs-a-ho-wa/ ([yo'pXafiuwo]) 3-pl-abs-3-3-dir-dat-pres-prog-look-in-pl-pred(icative)/comp(lement) 'their always looking inside it' or 'that they always look inside it' or 'that they are looking inside it' In either (10) or (11) stress must always fall before a coda that is overtly filled; that is, final vowels cannot receive normal stress. " This stress has nothing to do with the effects in (10) or (11), but raUier seems to be used to teach children and others about underlying vowels in roots, as in (12).
B. ' c. ' d. ' e. ' f. ' The contrasts in (17), as in (9), are real, even if subtle and if neutralised in final position (Kuipers 1960: 54). To salvage predictable /a/ analysis, one would have to treat verb root adjacent personal indices as exceptions to the overall phonological patterns of the language. 4 Exceptions Fourth, Kuipers (1960:28-29,41) recognises thathe must mark a number of forms as exceptions to his treatment of/a/, as in (18a-c). Forms (18d) and (18c) (HadaghatTa 1968, vol. 4 Exceptions 21 positional verbs such as /-K-/ 'to be prone,' and most likely /-s-/ 'to be seated, situated' as well, not to mention pre-root verbal indices.
A Grammar of the Kabardian Language by John Colarusso