By Irina Nikolaeva
"The historic Dictionary of Yukaghir" has major reasons. First, it's meant as a comparatively entire resource of data at the lexicon of Yukaghir. Tundra and Kolyma Yukaghir are heavily similar, hugely endangered languages spoken within the severe North-East of Siberia. No smooth complete lexicographic description of those languages is offered for the overseas linguistic group. The dictionary offers all recognized kinds of Yukaghir in comparative structure. a number of the fabrics integrated come from released assets, others have been acquired by way of the writer via fieldwork and are released for the 1st time. The dictionary additionally includes examples of now extinct early sorts of Yukaghir, which started to be recorded within the past due seventeenth century. moment, the dictionary offers a primary reconstruction of the typical ancestor of all identified Yukaghir kinds. The proto-Yukaghir stems are demonstrated in line with inner reconstruction, comparability among a variety of Yukaghir idioms, and exterior information. even supposing the dictionary doesn't try and offer etymologies for all Yukaghir phrases, it contains attainable cognates of a few Yukaghir stems from different languages, almost always Uralic and Altaic. given that Yukaghir types aren't in simple terms stated of their smooth form yet are reconstructed, the dictionary will offer a origin for destiny etymological paintings and give a contribution to investigating the genetic association of Yukaghir, often categorised as remoted. The ebook can also be valuable for linguists attracted to the far-off genetic family members among language households and the reconstruction of the ethnic and linguistic scenario in prehistoric northern Asia.
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Additional info for A Historical Dictionary of Yukaghir (Trends in Linguistics Documentation, Vol. 25)
The words in these sources are written in the same order, but they are likely to result from parallel recordings of the same speaker by two different members of the expedition. This could account for the divergences in citing grammatical forms. For example, the entry 'to see' is represented as the 2 person Plural in В (umat) and as the Imperative and the 2nd person Plural in ME (Juk and jumat)\ the entry 'thou' is translated as the Nominative in В (tat) and the Predicative in ME (tattak), and the entry 'to eat' is represented as the Action Nominal in В (landgal) and the Imperative in ME (langdak, lagk).
So the vowel length depends on the phonological environment, namely, the presence of bimoraic syllables (except CVC) later in the word. This suggests that it may be related to stress. Stress is not addressed in detail here. In short, it is quantity-sensitive, although the rules of stress assignment differ slightly from those described in Maslova (2003: 58-59) after Nikolaeva (1988a). The stress falls on the rightmost syllable with a long vowel or a diphthong. 4 So, for example, in ńa:čə the stress falls on the first vowel and in ńačaγədaj- the stress falls on the diphthong aj.
3 In addition, there is a group of non-harmonizing affixes containing the long a: and e: such as К T -e:- (Causative), К T -de: (Diminutive), and T -na:(Inchoative). Other affixes with long non-round vowels do harmonize. Harmonizing affixes are represented by two variants, one of which co-occurs with back stems and contains the vowel a:, and another that co-occurs with front stems and contains the vowel e:. Roundness harmony does not operate in this case. -l-d'e:- (Intransitive). 1). (10) a. anγi:qoγi:im- anγi:-l-a:qoγi:-l-a:im-a:- to scratch to pierce to sit down b.
A Historical Dictionary of Yukaghir (Trends in Linguistics Documentation, Vol. 25) by Irina Nikolaeva