By Aidan Doyle
During this e-book, Aidan Doyle strains the heritage of the Irish language from the time of the Norman invasion on the finish of the twelfth century to independence in 1922, combining political, cultural, and linguistic historical past. The ebook is split into seven major chapters that concentrate on a particular interval within the historical past of the language; they each one start with a dialogue of the exterior historical past and place of the Irish language within the interval, prior to relocating directly to examine the real inner adjustments that came about at the moment. A background of the Irish Language makes on hand for the 1st time fabric that has formerly been inaccessible to scholars and students who can't learn Irish, and should be a beneficial source not just for undergraduate scholars of the language, yet for all these drawn to Irish background and tradition.
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Extra resources for A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence
1 Early Modern Irish and Modern Irish As mentioned in Chapter , it is common practice to refer to the language of the period – as Early Modern Irish (EMI). This might suggest that it is not that different from Modern Irish (MI), the language taught in schools in Ireland to the present day. There is some truth in this: if we compare the earlier language to the Irish that some readers will be familiar with from their schooldays, we can observe a remarkable degree of similarity. Let’s start off with a simple sentence, The man kisses the woman, in EMI and in MI: () a.
The Lord Instead of a single verb, followed by a direct object, in MI we have a construction involving the verb to be + noun (eagla) + two prepositions. So the object of the preposition ar ‘on’ in MI corresponds to the subject I in the English sentence I fear the Lord, while the object of the preposition roimh ‘before’ in MI corresponds to the English object the Lord. On the other hand, the structure of the Old Irish sentence () is more or less identical to the English equivalent: there is just a subject, verb, and object, without any prepositions.
Note also that I have only dealt with one short, simple example of editing; with whole poems of ﬁfty or more quatrains, often an editor will have to decide whether to change what was written by the original scribe or to leave it as it is. While there are general guidelines for editing, to some extent it involves subjective choices. I have dwelt on the issue of manuscripts and editing because so much of written Irish was in manuscript form until the twentieth century, and we are only in the process of discovering what these manuscripts contain.
A History of the Irish Language: From the Norman Invasion to Independence by Aidan Doyle