By Yoshiki Ogawa
Syntactically talking, it has lengthy been identified that noun words are parallel to clauses in lots of respects. whereas such a lot syntactic theories contain this precept, nouns have quite often been considered as not as good as verbs by way of their licensing skills, and nominal projections were considered as much less advanced than verbal projections by way of the variety of practical different types that they comprise. Ogawa, besides the fact that, argues that clauses and noun words are completely parallel. This booklet offers a unified concept of clauses and noun words, finally aiding to simplify a variety of thorny concerns within the syntax/morphology interface.
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Additional resources for A Unified Theory of Verbal and Nominal Projections
84): Verb Raising and Null Complementizers 37 (45) a. Pyt sei dat hy my sjoen hie. ' b. Pyt sei dat hy hie my sjoen. (46) a. Pyt woe sizze dat hy my sjoen hie. ' b. *Pyt woe sizze dat hy hie my sjoen. The data in (43) to (46) can be interpreted as showing that the embedded verbs can raise to C only if they can make an embedded V2 configuration in the presence of an overt C. Suppose, following Diesing (1990), that the category involved with the embedded V2 configuration is Infl. Then, the generalization to be explained can be stated as follows: (47) Only the verbs that can raise to Infl can raise further to C.
Consider first the following examples in Italian: (31) a. *Gianni essendi disposto ad aiutarci,... Gianni being ready to help u s , . . 'Gianni being ready to help us,.. ' b. Essendo Gianni disposto ad aiutarci,... (Rizzi 1982:83) This contrast can be interpreted as showing that in a nonroot clause in Italian not headed by an overt C, the highest verb must be raised to C across the subject in [Spec, T] (or [Spec, v]). If this is the correct generalization, and if an overt C is not an affix in Italian, then it is predicted that in a complement clause, too, the C can be null if the Aux-to-Comp takes place.
The most trivial solution could be that whether a head can or cannot license multiple Specs may be a matter of parametrization. 3. On standard assumptions, the expletives such as there and it can check their formal features in the positions to which they are merged, since they are not arguments which require theta marking. As for there, however, we may propose that it originates inside VP and moves to the Spec of TP in overt syntax for feature checking. We do not explore the latter possibility here, though there are some pieces of circumstantial evidence for this proposal.
A Unified Theory of Verbal and Nominal Projections by Yoshiki Ogawa