By Kenneth N. Stevens
This long-awaited paintings provides a thought of speech-sound iteration within the human vocal approach. the excellent acoustic thought serves as one foundation for outlining different types of speech sounds used to shape differences among phrases in languages. the writer starts off with a assessment of the anatomy and body structure of speech creation, then covers resource mechanisms, the vocal tract as an acoustic clear out, proper points of auditory psychophysics and body structure, and phonological representations. within the ultimate chapters he offers a close exam of vowels, consonants, and the effect of context on speech sound construction. even if he focuses regularly at the sounds of English, he touches in brief on sounds in different languages.
The e-book will function a reference for speech scientists, speech pathologists, linguists attracted to phonetics and phonology, psychologists attracted to speech notion and construction, and engineers enthusiastic about speech processing applications.
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Extra resources for Acoustic Phonetics
First, take the view that multilingualism is a highly valued skill that confers prestige on the multilingual person. The Croatian folk saying and the comments about multilingualism among Pacific Northwest Native Americans that are quoted at the beginning of this chapter are just two of many possible examples; here is another typical instance. In Native communities around Prince George, British Columbia, it is considered highly prestigious to know several languages, so people are proud of knowing several `dialects' (actually separate languages, as they are not all mutually intelligible) of the Athabaskan language Carrier and one or more of the neighboring Athabaskan languages as well, for instance Babine.
In Africa, for instance, there are both countries with side-by-side official languages ± as in Botswana (English and Setswana), Malawi (English and Chichewa), and Tanzania (English and Swahili) ± and countries with one official language beside very important but unofficial national African languages: Central African Republic (French, with Sango widely spoken), Mozambique (Portuguese, with Swahili widely spoken), Nigeria (English, with Nigerian Pidgin English, Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo also in wide use), and Sierra Leone (English, with Krio widely spoken).
This view is pervasive; it can be seen in the scholarly literature as well as in the world at large. In fact, it is quite startling to see how many scholars refer to bilingualism/multilingualism as a problem, as a phenomenon that is linked to conflict. William F. Mackey, for instance, commented in 1967 that `bilingualism . . is a problem which affects the majority of the world's population'. Louis-Jean Calvet published a book in French in 1987, and in English translation in 1998, entitled Language Wars and Linguistic Politics, in which he argues that conflict is inherent in all multilingual settings.
Acoustic Phonetics by Kenneth N. Stevens