Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology - download pdf or read online

By R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald

ISBN-10: 0199203466

ISBN-13: 9780199203468

The stories during this quantity recommend that each language has an adjective classification, yet those fluctuate in personality and in measurement. In its grammatical houses, an adjective classification may perhaps beas just like nouns, or to verbs, or to either, or to neither.ze. while in a few languages the adjective type is huge and will be freely extra to, in others it really is small and closed. with only a dozen or so contributors. The booklet will curiosity students and complicated scholars of language typology and of the syntax and semantics of adjectives.

Show description

Read or Download Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology PDF

Best grammar books

Download PDF by Ioulia Sheina, Natacha Bitekhtina, Larissa Grouchevskaia: A Living Russian Grammar

The "Living Russian Grammar" is meant for college scholars and for college kids in colleges and faculties, in addition to for adults at newbie and near-beginner point. it could possibly additionally usefully be utilized by intermediate novices who desire to evaluation and consolidate their language abilities, both with a instructor, or in self examine mode.

Read e-book online Semi-Lexical Categories: The Function of Content Words and PDF

The excellence among practical different types and lexical different types is on the center of present-day grammatical thought, in theories on language acquisition, code-switching and aphasia. whilst, it has turn into transparent, in spite of the fact that, that there are lots of lexical goods for which it truly is much less effortless to make a decision whether or not they aspect with the lexical different types or the sensible ones.

Read e-book online Universal grammar in child second language acquisition : PDF

This e-book examines baby moment language acquisition in the rules and Parameters concept of common Grammar (UG). in particular, the ebook makes a speciality of null-subjects within the constructing grammars of youngsters buying English as a moment language. The ebook offers facts from the longitudinal speech information of 4 baby moment language (L2) novices with a purpose to try out the predictions of a contemporary idea of null-subjects, particularly, the Morphological Uniformity precept (MUP).

Grammar : 1,001 practice questions for dummies - download pdf or read online

Perform makes excellent - and is helping deepen your realizing of English grammarEstablishing strong grammar behavior will set you up for achievement. From English type to writing your university essay, from corporatecommunications, to updating your social media websites, stable grammar is vital and now you might have 1,001 how you can deepen your figuring out and perform your abilities.

Extra resources for Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology

Sample text

But in a few languages this can be a rather subtle matter. A noun always has primary function as head of an NP that can be a core argument (in A, O, S, CS, or CC function) in a clause. In some languages a noun may also function as head of a phrase that functions as predicate in an intransitive clause. A verb always has primary function as head of a predicate; in some languages it may also fill a core argument slot. There are languages in which both of these extensions apply. MARKER 'the large one is a man In (5) we find the usual correspondence between word class and functional slot, with the noun 'man being head of the NP in S function and the verb 'be large' being head of the intransitive predicate.

In Edo, for example, both adjectives and verbs may occur in comparative constructions (Omoruyi 1986). However, in some languages only adjectives can be compared, and this furnishes a criterion for distinguishing between adjective and verb classes; such a property applies to Toba-Batak (Nababan 1981: 71-2), Korean, North-East Ambae, Qiang, and Lao (Chapters 9,11,13, and 14 below). In Semelai (Chapter 12), only the sub-class of DIMENSION adjectives have a morphological comparative (other forms enter into a periphrastic comparative construction, borrowed from Malay).

On the basis of the European languages they knew, it became the accepted doctrine among linguists that adjectives are a class with similar morphology to nouns, differing from nouns in terms of gender possibilities. Indeed, it appears that Jespersen (1924: 72) considered this to be the only criterion. Since Finnish has no genders, he inferred that in this language adjectives could not be distinguished from nouns. There are, in fact, a fair number of other relevant criteria in Finnish—only nouns (not adjectives) take possessive suffixes, and only adjectives (not nouns) take comparative and superlative suffixes.

Download PDF sample

Adjective Classes: A Cross-Linguistic Typology by R. M. W. Dixon, Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald


by Brian
4.1

Rated 4.52 of 5 – based on 26 votes
This entry was posted in Grammar.