By F.J. Dixon, Henry G. Kunkel (Eds.)
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Additional info for Advances in Immunology, Vol. 16
8 and 9. There is no definite genetic proof for placing the IgG4-IgG2 and the IgG1-IgG3 complexes to one or the other side of each other. However, since there are so many antigenic similarities between IgG2 and IgG3, they are highly likely to be adjacent. Thus the order is probably IgG4, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG1. , 1967a,b). , 1969b), and it is highly likely that IgAl together with IgM, IgD, and IgE heavy chains will make one large linkage group of C-region heavy-chain genes. However, the positions of IgAl and IgA2, IgM, IgD, and IgE are not known.
2. Regular Recombinations There are also examples of genetic events which can most readily be explained on the basis of recombinations either intercistronic or intracistronic. However, it should he stressed that it is difficult to tell the direction of the genetic event. Thus, it is vcry difficult to tell which genes were the primary ones and which resultcd from recombination among ancestral genes. One strong line of evidence for recombination stems from the many different stable gene complexes that are detected in different population groups.
For some of the homology regions, particularly CH2 and CH3, there are several antigenic specificities which distinguish the different subclasses ( Fig. 6). 4. Amino Acid Sequences a d Their Relutionship to Subclasses and Genetic Markers The whole amino acid sequence of one IgGl Gm( f ) molecule is now known, and several stretches of other IgG subclasses are characterized. , 1972b). There are also striking differences in the interchain disulfide bridges (Milstein and Pink, 1970). However, as yet no complete study has been made of all the IgG subclasses and their genetic variants.
Advances in Immunology, Vol. 16 by F.J. Dixon, Henry G. Kunkel (Eds.)