Read e-book online After Columbus: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North PDF

By James Axtell

ISBN-10: 0195053753

ISBN-13: 9780195053753

ISBN-10: 0195053761

ISBN-13: 9780195053760

This quantity contains a brand new selection of essays--four formerly unpublished--by James Axtell, writer of the acclaimed the ecu and the Indian and The Invasion inside of: the competition of Cultures in Colonial North the United States, and the key modern authority on Indian-European kinfolk in Colonial North the US. Arguing that ethical decisions have a sound position within the writing of background, Axtell scrutinizes the activities of assorted eu invaders--missionaries, investors, infantrymen, and usual settlers--in the 16th century. concentrating on the interactions of Spanish, French, and English colonists with American Indians over the jap half the USA, he examines what the heritage of colonial the United States may need gave the impression of had the hot global actually been a virgin land, with out Indians.

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Extra resources for After Columbus: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America

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And from his study of history, he also concluded that "conquest aristocracies" (as he called them) "reaching for illicit power customarily assume attitudes of great moral rectitude to divert attention from the abandonment" of their moral standards. 34 Convinced that it would take a mighty "struggle to break the bonds of ideology so long established and so firmly fixed," Jennings armed himself with a veritable arsenal of wit and words, mounted a formidable breed of hard-nosed, keen-eyed A MORAL HISTORY OF INDIAN-WHITE RELATIONS REVISITED 27 research, and rushed courageously into the fray.

On the surface they may look harmless enough, or resemble something equally benign. But as they descend and detonate, their resonant power is unleashed, showering our understanding with fragments of accumulated meaning and association. In our search for professional disinterestedness, fairness, and objectivity it is easy to give our students and readers the impression that words are strictly denotative (rather than detonative) instruments of scientific precision and emotional neutrality. Nothing could be farther from the truth.

As Alden Vaughan has shown, the colonists described the Indians' pigmentation as brown, copper, olive, black, tawny, and even white, but not red. "8 Brave is a nineteenth-century word for an Indian warrior of the Plains, so it is inappropriately used to describe a warrior of an Eastern Woodland tribe or an Indian male who did not join war parties. Squaw, a neutral Algonquian word for 'woman,' quickly acquired pejorative coloration from European descriptions of native women as "drudges" and "slaves" who did most of the farming, transported lodge material and household items in their travels, collected firewood and water, and hauled game home from the spot where it was killed by their menfolk.

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After Columbus: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America by James Axtell

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