By Morris Halle
An Essay on pressure offers a common conception for the characterization of the strain styles of phrases and words encountered within the languages of the global. the guts of the idea is constituted by way of the formal mechanism for characterizing "action at a distance", that is a different case of the formalism wanted for the development of constituent structure.Morris Halle is Institute Professor at MIT. Jean-Roger Vergnaud is Professor of Linguistics on the collage of Maryland and Senior Researcher on the Centre nationwide de los angeles Recherche Scientifique and the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche en Informatique Linguistique in France.
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Additional resources for An Essay on Stress (Current Studies in Linguistics)
But our main objection to Hammond's proposal is more than just technical: the proposal is ad hoc in that it lacks organic connection with the rest of the theory. Hammond accepts the standard view that directionality and head location are independent parameters that must be set in constructing (bounded) metrical constituents on a given line (see his text on page 5, for example). If these two parameters are independent with respect to constituents on a given line, it is totally unclear why they should not also be independent with respect to constituents constructed on separate lines.
As Archangeli points out, a good example of this special property of extrametricality is provided by the stress pattern of Western Aranda, an Australian language discussed by Davis (1984). In trisyllabic and longer words in this language, primary stress falls on the second syllable if the word begins with a vowel; if the word begins with a consonant or has fewer than three syllables, primary stress falls on the first syllable. In Davis's words, ". . the Western Aranda stress rule for trisyllabic words or longer is that primary stress falls on the first syllable containing an onset.
This is illustrated with the examples in (12). (12) a. adám adam-lár adam-lar-á 'man' 'men' 'to the men' b. mása mása-lar mása-lar-a 'table' 'tables' 'to the tables' c. adám-im gít-me-di-m d. yorgún-dur-lar but 58 'I am a man' 'I did not go' 'they are tired' 59 yorgun-lár however Kenédi-dir-ler Kenédi-ler (same) 'they are the Kennedys' 'Kennedys' The large majority of Turkish words conform to the pattern in (12a); most place names and many Western borrowings conform to the pattern in (12b). Hammond (1986) notes that in this class of words stress is on the penultimate stem syllable except when the penultimate syllable ends with a short vowel and the antepenult with a consonant; in that case stress goes on the antepenult.
An Essay on Stress (Current Studies in Linguistics) by Morris Halle