Download e-book for iPad: Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing by Altmann, Gabriel, Gabriel Altmann

By Altmann, Gabriel, Gabriel Altmann

ISBN-10: 3110196417

ISBN-13: 9783110196412

This quantity offers 12 papers on a brand new method of the research of writing platforms. For the 1st time, quantitative equipment are brought into this region of study in a scientific manner. the person contributions supply an summary approximately quantitative houses of symbols and of writing platforms, introduce tools of study, research person writing platforms as used for various languages, manage an explanatory version of phenomena hooked up to script development/evolution, and provides a point of view to a common idea of writing platforms.

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Additional resources for Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems (Quantitative Linguistics) (German Edition)

Sample text

We compute the weighted participation of letters. The results are presented in Table 7. Again, the number of cases is too small (26) and, since almost all letters have different participation, no model could be set up. Hence we use, as above, the ranked weighted participation and as expected we obtain again the 1-displaced negative hypergeometric distribution. The result of fitting is graphically displayed in Figure 5. 200 190 180 170 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 f(x) NP(x) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 Figure 5: Ranked weighted participation of letters in graphemes (NHG) 26 Graphemic representation of English phonemes 8 41 Letter utility The last aspect we shall analyze here is the so-called letter utility.

British English, though the methods used here can be applied directly. In order to work with controllable data, we adhere to the phonemic/graphemic analysis based on the American Carnegie Mellon Pronouncing Dictionary hereafter referred to as cmudict1 , which has 129 425 entries with phonological transcriptions. The phonological symbols used in the dictionary are listed below. On typographical grounds we adhere to this way of symbolizing phonemes. The dictionary uses 39 consonant and vowel phonemes.

Ordering the letters according to their utility in graphemes we obtain the order: . It would be possible to order the letters according to their absolute weight, too. e. e. 35. 48, (cf. Bernhard & Altmann, this volume, pp. ), one sees that the diversification of graphemics in English is enormous. 9 Conclusions English graphemics is a very complex matter. Some of the measures (indices) introduced here make it evident. They differ drastically from those in other languages.

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Analyses of Script: Properties of Characters and Writing Systems (Quantitative Linguistics) (German Edition) by Altmann, Gabriel, Gabriel Altmann

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