By D. Gary Miller
This examine investigates the homes of numerous historical syllabic and linear segmental scripts to make specific the elements of linguistic wisdom they try and characterize. a few contemporary experimental paintings means that nonliterate audio system don't have segmental wisdom and that simply syllabic wisdom is 'real' or obtainable, whence the ubiquity of syllabaries. Miller disputes this by means of exhibiting that such assessments don't distinguish proper different types of wisdom, and that linguistic research of the ordering and writing conventions of early Western scripts corroborates the facts from language acquisition, use, and alter for phase knowledge. by means of coding segments, the traditional syllabaries represented more phonological wisdom than the alphabet, which was once a bad compromise among the vowelless West Semitic scripts and the vowel-redundant syllabic scripts.
A wide variety of knowledge approximately early scripts and their improvement is mixed with a brand new conception of the syllable as 'Sonority Phrase'. The book's worth is additional better by way of thorough dialogue of the problems from a wide variety of theoretical and utilized viewpoints, together with language play and alter, cognition, literacy, and cultural history.
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Extra info for Ancient Scripts and Phonological Knowledge
7+) (b) ai-ti-jo-qo laythf(y)okWsl Al9(otj) AjJh£ops (Al9(01TE&;' AjJh(opes "Aethiopians" n. 206+) (c) pokiroqo IpoykilokWsl nOld�ocjI Poikilops? (d) toraka Ith6riksl "corslet" (Atl OWpat ther lit, Ion. 9111PTK thtree n. 560+) In each case, the final cluster is a possible onset according to the SH. and therefore by convention is written. but also by convention the absolute final consonant must be disregarded. Since a word-final cluster in fact constitutes a coda. where does the dummy vowel of the non-ultimate consonant come from?
3] 2 There is some agreement that Cyprian keeps the long diphthong in the DATsg. while Arcadian shortened the diphthong around the � CCIII. (details in Dubois 1986 §SO). , in Attic. , in taim6khai "in the battle", suggesting that the LOCATIVE remained a separate Case (cf. 158-159; see Dubois §SO for Arcadian). Since both would be written the same way in the syllabary, nothing for our purposes depends on one or the other, and We will follow the etymological practice of transliterating all first declension DATIVE and LOCATlVE singulan with a long vowel.
As the convention of copying the nucleus for possible onset clusters in coda position shows, the Mycenaean scribes had at their disposal a way of wri ting coda consonants, suggesting that the convention of no codas was a matter of choice rather than ignorance or necessity. Since Linear B also had logograms (for the use of this tenn, cf. Olivier 1986:379), the style evolved was a shorthand to facilitate writing on wet clay. Ignoring codas is consistent with the strategy of recognition by initials (cf.
Ancient Scripts and Phonological Knowledge by D. Gary Miller