By Eric J. Reuland
The information provided by way of the contributions during this quantity originated in a workshop on Burzio’s generalization. Burzio’s Generalization (BG) states verb which doesn't assign an exterior theta-role to its topic doesn't assign structural accusative Case to an item and conversely. It connects cross-linguistic similarities among e.g. passives, elevating verbs, and unaccusatives. besides the fact that, it does so by means of linking very diverse houses of a predicate. This increases basic questions on its theoretical prestige. The contributions during this quantity discover BG’s theoretical foundation. A consensus emerges that BG is, in truth, an epiphenomenon, as a result of interplay of other rules of grammar. in addition, the contributions express a awesome convergence as to how BG is finally derived. the implications bought make an important contribution to the extra improvement of theories of Case and thematic relatives.
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Extra info for Arguments and Case: Explaining Burzio’s Generalization
If we try to explain the obligatory movement of the NP to subject position in (15b) by saying that the NP lacks abstract Case as an object in the passive, we raise the question of why this NP can suddenly get abstract Case as an object in the passive in (15c) when there’s a argument around. (15) a. b. c. María óskaði (Ólafi) alls goðs. Mary- wished (Olaf- everything- good- Þess vas óskað. this- was wished Henni var óskað þess. her- was wished this- The examples in (15) illustrated how an NP could get (morphological) case without being licensed.
Note that this is diﬀerent from William’s (1981) notion of external argument. As pointed out in Haider (1984), ‘external’ should be construed as a relational notion: The case licenser of the ‘external’ argument is external and not necessarily the argument itself. What is common in both approaches is that an argument grid with more than one structural argument4 must designate one for external licensing. In most cases, subject selection by designating the external argument and the ranking of arguments in the argument-grid go parallel, as for (6a) and (6c): The highest argument is the designated one.
When it moves, it is licensed as nominative (19b) only. (19) a. Si leggerà/leggeranno volentieri alcuni articoli will-read-3/3 voluntarily several articles ‘One will voluntarily read several articles’ b. Alcuni articoli si leggeranno volentieri several articles will-read-3 voluntarily ‘One will read several articles voluntarily’ c. *Alcuni articoli si leggerà volentieri At first glance (19a) with accusative seems to contradict (16) and (17a). But a comparative look at French reveals the underlying grammatical causality.
Arguments and Case: Explaining Burzio’s Generalization by Eric J. Reuland