By Cedric Boeckx
This quantity brings jointly a variety of strands of analysis targeting facets of the syntax of contract, and the position that contract performs in linguistic conception. The essays amassed the following express how and why contract has emerged in recent times because the crucial theoretical build in minimalism. even though the theoretical context of the amount is minimalist in personality, Boeckx formulates formal and great universals within the area of agreement.
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Extra info for Aspects of the Syntax of Agreement
1. I reject the claim that Quirky subjects enter into an Agree relation. This forces me to reconsider the parallelism I drew between the Icelandic facts and the PCC. I provide novel data showing that the two should not be equated, despite initial similarity. I also reject the claim that nominative objects agree with finite To. Instead I treat nominative objects as objects, not as subjects of sorts, that is, as elements licensed by vo. , object agreement) in general. 1. Nominative Objects The first issue to clarify is the nature of nominative Case licensing.
I was able to maintain (indeed, strengthen) the George and Kornfilt theory that agreement and Case are but one feature. At no point have I felt the need to resort to Agreement projections—a desirable result (cf. Chomsky 1995). The claim that agreement takes place with experiencer (dative/Quirky) elements has proven empirically correct, not only for Icelandic, but also for English, Spanish, and other languages. The present theory has been shown to have wide-ranging empirical and conceptual consequences for (among other things) the nature of the associate of expletives (which I have argued should be regarded as an object of some sort), for Relativized Minimality effects in an Attract-F framework, for the availability of ‘Quirky’ elements, and for the inherent/ structural Case-theoretic distinction.
It is interesting to note that no matter which agreement pattern is chosen, sentences involving a Quirky 3rd person element and a 1st or 2nd person nominative ‘object’ are hopelessly bad. *leiddist við. ’ Sigurðsson (1996: 28) (43) *Henni voruð sýndir/sýndar þið. ’ (44) *Henni vorum sýndir/sýndar við. ’ Sigurðsson (1996: 32) I take this as a confirmation of the view just expressed: such sentences yield a “Point-of-View” clash. The 1st and 2nd person features (borne by a nominative element) express point-of-view, which is also associated with dative (‘Quirky’) elements; if a dative nominal prevents raising of a 1st or 2nd person nominative element to the projection encoding Point-of-View, the sentence crashes.
Aspects of the Syntax of Agreement by Cedric Boeckx