By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
Illustrated with photographs and maps, the Atlas of Gender and improvement offers readers a different perception into the influence of social associations - traditions, social norms and cultural practices - on gender equality in 124 non-OECD international locations. Gender inequality holds again not only girls however the financial and social improvement of complete societies. Overcoming discrimination is necessary within the struggle opposed to poverty in constructing international locations and for the fulfillment of the Millennium improvement targets. Tackling those inequalities isn't really effortless: in lots of international locations, discrimination opposed to girls is deeply rooted in social associations reminiscent of the kin and the legislations. those long-lasting codes of behavior, norms, traditions, and casual and formal legislation verify gender results in schooling, healthiness, political illustration and labour markets. The Atlas of Gender and improvement is an integral instrument for improvement practitioners, coverage makers, teachers and the broader public. It presents precise kingdom notes, maps and pics describing the placement of ladies in 124 constructing and transition nations utilizing a brand new composite degree of gender inequality - the Social associations and Gender Index (SIGI) - built through the OECD improvement Centre.
Read Online or Download Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries PDF
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Additional info for Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries
Gender stereotypes and roles prevail in rural areas, where men are perceived as the bread winners and women as mothers and wives. Although 50% of Indonesian women are economically active, their level of protection within the economy remains limited: outside the agricultural sector, they constitute only 30% of salaried employees. Family code The situation of Indonesian women within the family context is difficult. The legal age of marriage is 16 years for women and 18 years for men. Although marriage patterns vary between regions and ethnic groups, early marriage is prevalent in rural areas.
Some sources report that the authorities often ignore complaints, and that victims also run the risk of experiencing additional assault at the hands of the police. Domestic violence is a criminal offence, yet is viewed as a private matter and rarely addressed. 00 70 0 50 100 % price” reinforces the view that women are “property”, and therefore is a major contributor to domestic abuse. Rape is punishable with imprisonment but the US Department of State reports that the crime is difficult to combat because some communities prefer to settle incidents of rape through material compensation rather than criminal prosecution.
Both ancient dhammathats and present-day customary law grant men and women equal rights to inheritance. However, the CEDAW Committee reports that customary law does not recognise wills; any joint property held by a couple transfers automatically to the surviving spouse. Physical integrity Women in Myanmar have a moderate degree of protection for their physical integrity. The weakest area is that of violence against women, often closely linked to the country’s national instability. Violent acts include political imprisonment, forced labour and systematic sexual abuse of minority women by armed forces.
Atlas of Gender and Development: How Social Norms Affect Gender Equality in non-OECD Countries by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development