By Professor G. S. Anagnostatos, Professor Dr. W. von Oertzen (eds.)
The topic of clusters - small aggregates of debris - is a subject of basic curiosity in either atomic and nuclear physics, and likewise in different fields reminiscent of the quark-structures of baryons and cosmology. The interaction among atomic and nuclear physics is a very interesting one simply because many ideas are universal to either fields (quantal results, shells, geometric constructions, collective modes, fission, etc.). those lawsuits comprise a wealth of papers illustrating the interdisciplinary position of cluster physics. a few of them are reprinted from Zeitschrift für Physik A and D.
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Extra resources for Atomic and Nuclear Clusters: Proceedings of the Second International Conference at Santorini, Greece, June 28 – July 2, 1993
It is much more difficult to calculate the absolute alpha decay width. Many shell model calculations of increasing complexity have given good values for the relative widths but the absolute values were too low by two or three orders of magnitude. Essentially the reason for this is that even a very large shell-model basis is often insufficient to describe the particular spatial configuration of nucleons forming an alpha particle as it leaves the nucleus. Progress has recently been made in two ways: by applying a very sophisticated shell model analysis to light nuclei and by supplementing the shell model wave function with a cluster component.
A comparison of the calculated energies of the bands with principal quantum numbers N = 12 to N = 16 of alpha-cluster states in 44Ti generated by a finite-range folded potential with the experimental data (Merchant, Pal and Hodgson ) The spectroscopic factors of the 0+-12+ states agree quite well with the theoretical values of Tomoda and Arima . They also found that the cluster strengths of the N = 12 and N = 13 states is spread among many fragments. Alpha-cluster states in 40Ca have similarly been studied by the 36 Ar(6Li,d) and other reactions.
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Atomic and Nuclear Clusters: Proceedings of the Second International Conference at Santorini, Greece, June 28 – July 2, 1993 by Professor G. S. Anagnostatos, Professor Dr. W. von Oertzen (eds.)