By Ulrike Gut
This learn is anxious with the purchase of intonation through German/English bilingual young children. Nucleus placement, pitch move and intonational phraseology have been analysed on either the phonetic and the phonological point. The research used to be performed utilizing either the tonetic (British) and the ToBI transcription platforms. The series of acquisition and features of language illustration in the course of language acquisition are defined.
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Additional info for Bilingual Acquisition of Intonation: A Study of Children Speaking German and English
G. g. Altmann et al. 1989a) and refers to that part of a sentence which is prominent in terms of content and which forms a contrast to the background information of the sentence (Uhmann 1991). g. Dik 1997): Broad focus falls on entire constituents or even whole sentences, whereas narrow focus applies to individual lexical items (F6ry 1988; Ladd 1980). Examples (16) and (17) illustrate broad focus (which can be described by the term "normal stress" as Ladd (1996) suggests). (16) He took the \ball.
Snow (1994) describes a regression to isochronicity of syllables in the production of single words, and Archibald (1995b) and Fikkert (1994) also claim that adult-like word stress is preceded by a phase of equal stress distribution on the syllables of a word. Elbers & Wijnen (1992), working on the basis of Levelt's (1989) speech production model, describe this phase as the transition from semantic to syntactic speech, which requires the development of a "formulator", a mental device encoding grammar and phonology in speech production.
This early child speech is variously called "holophrastic" (Oksaar 1977) and "asyntactic". g. Radford 1990). Crystal (1981, 1986) proposes a 5-stage model of the development of intonation: He assumes that the intonation of the first vocalisations by infants express their emotional state. As a next step, linguistic awareness of the differences in the use of intonation by adults is acquired. The first productions of pitch movement patterns by the infant are assumed to be accidental and meaningless and to correspond to babbling in the phonological development.
Bilingual Acquisition of Intonation: A Study of Children Speaking German and English by Ulrike Gut