By J. Lachlan Mackenzie, Hella Olbertz
This e-book presents ten case reports in sensible Discourse Grammar (FDG), a typologically-oriented conception of the association of traditional languages that has risen to prominence in recent times. The authors, all devoted practitioners of FDG, comprise Kees Hengeveld, the highbrow father of the speculation, who exhibits the way it bargains a substantially new method of constituent ordering. different issues lined are evidentiality, modality, adpositions, verb morphology, ownership, elevating, series of tenses, semi-fixed structures and prelinguistic conceptualization. the quantity includes an creation that explains the rudiments of FDG and summarizes the 10 final chapters. The Casebook strikes on from Hengeveld & Mackenzie’s (2008) Functional Discourse Grammar to teach how the speculation is utilized to linguistic difficulties new and previous. The languages handled are Blackfoot, Dutch, English, Spanish, Welsh, indigenous languages of Brazil, etc.
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Extra resources for Casebook in Functional Discourse Grammar
1 Introduction In this section three different Predicate-initial (traditional V-initial) languages are presented and it is argued that they represent three different word order types in the FDG approach to word order typology. dé. dé. ’ A new approach to clausal constituent order Actors always follow the verb immediately, so that they must be in a position relative to PI. Operators may appear between the actor and the undergoer in Scottish Gaelic, as shown in (30), with the actor e and the undergoer fìona: (30) Tha e ag òl fìon-a.
The tense operator is assigned a position in the middle field. Since it is assigned a place before any non-hierarchical element it must be in the absolute PM position. Further operators are then expressed relative to this position: the relative tense expression been is in PM+1, the progressive -ing form is in PM+2. Note that the tensed verb cannot be in PI+1 since it that case it would have been positioned after the subject had been located in PI, which is impossible as the subject will receive its position later in the process of non-hierarchical ordering.
Lachlan. 2008. Functional Discourse Grammar. A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure. Oxford: OUP. Mackenzie, J. Lachlan. 2009. Aspects of the interpersonal grammar of Gaelic. Linguistics 47(4): 885–911. Mosel, Ulrike. 1991. Transitivity and reflexivity in Samoan. Australian Journal of Linguistics 11(2): 175–194. Palmer, Bill. 2009. Kokota Grammar. Honolulu HI: University of Hawai’i Press. M. 2002. The Noun Phrase. Oxford: OUP. Silverstein, Michael. 1976. Hierarchy of features and ergativity.
Casebook in Functional Discourse Grammar by J. Lachlan Mackenzie, Hella Olbertz