By Phoevos Panagiotidis
Featuring a singular idea of components of speech, this publication discusses categorization from a methodological and theoretical aspect a view. It attracts on discoveries and insights from a few methods - typology, cognitive grammar, notional methods, and generative grammar - and provides a generative, feature-based concept. development on updated study and the newest findings and ideas in categorization and word-building, Panagiotidis combines the primacy of specific gains with a syntactic categorization technique, addressing the basic, yet frequently missed, questions in grammatical idea. Designed for graduate scholars and researchers learning grammar and syntax, this booklet is richly illustrated with examples from a number of languages and explains parts and phenomena crucial to the character of human language.
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Extra resources for Categorial Features: A Generative Theory of Word Class Categories
Moreover, as Pesetsky (1995), Marantz (2000), Arad (2005) and Borer (2005) show, ‘zero sufﬁxation’ effectively belies the wealth of structure present in examples like certiﬁcate (as a denominal verb) below. (3) work sleep ﬁght play water do ﬁnd test poke certiﬁcate (vs certify) To wit, observe English ‘–ing’, to which we will return in Chapter 6. No matter what analysis we pick for it, we have hardly one category-neutral instance of painting in examples (4), (5), (6), (7) and (8), where –ing belies the varied 28 Are word class categories universal?
5 for details). However, Tagalog is not even a language that illustrates the b. case in (10). Himmelmann (2008), cited in Rauh (2010, 343–5), observes that in Tagalog, 30 Are word class categories universal? as in Germanic languages like English or Dutch (Don 2004), some roots make better nouns or only nouns. In Tagalog, the version of this is slightly different: not all roots can be inserted in any morphological environment. Himmelmann (2008) illustrates this by discussing ma–, a polysemous preﬁx.
6 The present approach: LF-interpretable categorial features make categorizers The theory to be presented in this monograph is one of categorial features. In this it is in the spirit ﬁrst of all of the original Amherst system and of its reﬁnements, developments and reconceptions – namely, Stowell (1981), Déchaine (1993) and Baker (2003). It is inevitably also in the spirit of the way Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) and Lexical Function Grammar (LFG) treat grammatical category: as a feature or as the result of feature combinations; see Rauh (2010, chap.
Categorial Features: A Generative Theory of Word Class Categories by Phoevos Panagiotidis