New PDF release: Category Neutrality: A Type-Logical Investigation

By Neil Whitman

ISBN-10: 0203495381

ISBN-13: 9780203495384

ISBN-10: 0203606655

ISBN-13: 9780203606650

ISBN-10: 0415970946

ISBN-13: 9780415970945

"Feature neutrality" is an argument that has got a lot realization between linguists. for instance, give some thought to the sentence, "I have by no means, and should by no means, positioned my identify in this document." the following, the verb 'put' acts concurrently as a prior participle (as in "have by no means put") and a base shape (as in "will by no means put"), and is as a result stated to be impartial among the 2 varieties. related examples were came across for lots of languages.
The permitted knowledge is that neutrality is feasible just for morphosyntactic positive factors corresponding to verb shape, gender, quantity, declension class-not on the point of gross syntactic type, the place the semantic adjustments are extra major. In different phrases, it's been claimed that "category neutrality," the place a be aware or word is used concurrently with multiple syntactic type, doesn't exist. (A recognized instance is the evident ungrammaticality of this sentence, within which "can" is used concurrently as a first-rate verb and auxiliary verb: "I can tuna and get a brand new job.") during this e-book, although, Neal Whitman indicates that type neutrality does exist in English. This not just demanding situations the present considering, but additionally increases foundational questions on the character of ambiguity.

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Additional info for Category Neutrality: A Type-Logical Investigation (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics)

Example text

4 An example of an NP\S could be sings, which can combine with the NP Kim to its left to form the S Kim sings. ) Categories constructed with • are known as PRODUCT CATEGORIES. An expression of category A•B is a phrase consisting of an expression of category A and an expression of category B immediately to the right of the A. For example, in addition to the category S, Kim sings also has the category NP•VP. Indeed, any expression—not just Kim sings—belongs to more than one category in a TLG. To see that this is so, one need look no further than the theorem TR: an expression of category A will also have category B/(A\B), C/((B/(A\B))\C), etc.

Capital Greek letters are used as variables over sequences, so that well-formed sequences include not only “A, B,” but also Γ, or Δ, or combinations such as “Γ1, A/B, Δ, Γ2,” seen in the /L rule. The material to the right of the is known as the CONSEQUENT (or SUCCEDENT). Unlike the antecedent, which must be a sequence of categories, the consequent is a single category. As mentioned above, the equivalent of Reflexivity is the Axiom rule. ” The remaining rules form the equivalent of Residuation. They are < previous page page_33 next page > < previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 divided into L(EFT) RULES (/L, \L), which specify the behavior of a constructor on the left-hand side of a conclusion, and R(IGHT) RULES (/R, \R), which specify the behavior of a constructor on the right-hand side of a conclusion.

The connection between terms and types is that Term is partitioned into subsets Termτ for each τ in Typ, and each of these subsets Termτ contains only terms of type τ. Following is an enumeration of all possible kinds of term for any set Termτ. First of all, Termτ can contain VARIABLES, noted as Varτ, and CONSTANTS, noted as Conτ, as indicated in (36a,b). (36) a. b. Each set Termτ can contain FUNCTIONAL APPLICATIONS, defined in (37) as terms of form α(β), where α has type σ→τ, and β has type σ.

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Category Neutrality: A Type-Logical Investigation (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics) by Neil Whitman

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