Causatives and Transitivity - download pdf or read online

By Bernard Comrie, Maria Polinsky

ISBN-10: 9027230269

ISBN-13: 9789027230263

This quantity brings jointly 18 typological stories of causative and comparable buildings (transitivity, voice, different expressions of reason) by means of 19 students from North the US, Western Europe, and Russia. The inspirations for the amount is the pioneering paintings on causative structures via the Leningrad Typology staff; a number of of the members have shut connections to the constitution individuals of that workforce, others have preferred this paintings from a distance. the quantity as a complete relies at the inspiration of causative structures as embracing either morphology and syntax, with a tremendous semantic part besides. as well as normal reports in regards to the morpho syntactic and semantic typology and the background of causative structures and kin to different phenomena, the subsequent person languages are handled intimately: Russian, English, Dutch, Svan, Even, Korean, Yukaghir, Alutor, Aleut, Haruai, Dogon, Athabaskan languages. the quantity can be of curiosity to typologists, to different linguists drawn to causative buildings and transitivity kin, and to all who're attracted to the linguistic expression of causal family members.

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Extra info for Causatives and Transitivity

Example text

Contrary to this, transitivation deals exclusively with the DSyntA II, and this, only under the condition that one of its surface realizations is the O dir . • The property of actants manipulated. The voice gives/removes com­ municative saliency to/ from a DSyntA of the verb by modifying its diath­ esis. Contrary to this, transitivation achieves the same goal by modifying the surface-syntactic rank of the actant concerned, without involving the verb's diathesis. Consequently, in order to define transitivation, I need to introduce another auxiliary concept: SYNTACTIC RANK of a SSyntA.

Saya bikin roti untuk tetangga-ku I make bread for neighbor ISG 'I've made some bread for my neighbor'. vs. d. Saya bikin + kan tetangga-ku roti I make 2/3-PERMneighbor ISG [= Odir] bread [= Oobl] lit. Tve made [ 'I've supplied'] my neighbor [with some] bread'. The first postverbal NP in (17b) and (17d) is, as indicated, an O dir , and the second, an O obl (this can be shown by their different syntactic behavior). In particular, the first postverbal NP, but not the second can be passivized: e.

T h e child has been caressed (with respect to) the head by the mother'. walk PRES lit. , while [he] is-blown-upon by the fresh wind, is-taking-awalk watching shop-windows'. THÈME These examples show where our definition of voice is too narrow: in English as well as in Japanese, the passive can promote to the status of DSyntA I even the circumstantials; moreover, Japanese admits such a promotion for the elements of the second level of subordination (kodomo in (7d)) and even for the elements which do not belong to the dependents of the verb concerned (Minoru in (7e), which is the understood subject of the passive form in the subordinate clause suzusii kazeni hukarenagara).

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Causatives and Transitivity by Bernard Comrie, Maria Polinsky


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