By Bernard Comrie, Maria Polinsky
This quantity brings jointly 18 typological stories of causative and comparable buildings (transitivity, voice, different expressions of reason) by means of 19 students from North the US, Western Europe, and Russia. The inspirations for the amount is the pioneering paintings on causative structures via the Leningrad Typology staff; a number of of the members have shut connections to the constitution individuals of that workforce, others have preferred this paintings from a distance. the quantity as a complete relies at the inspiration of causative structures as embracing either morphology and syntax, with a tremendous semantic part besides. as well as normal reports in regards to the morpho syntactic and semantic typology and the background of causative structures and kin to different phenomena, the subsequent person languages are handled intimately: Russian, English, Dutch, Svan, Even, Korean, Yukaghir, Alutor, Aleut, Haruai, Dogon, Athabaskan languages. the quantity can be of curiosity to typologists, to different linguists drawn to causative buildings and transitivity kin, and to all who're attracted to the linguistic expression of causal family members.
Read Online or Download Causatives and Transitivity PDF
Best language & grammar books
Just a couple of dozen spelling error account for almost all of all mistakes. in case you research those universal mistakes and the way to right and steer clear of them, your spelling skill increases dramatically. Goof evidence Spelling covers those commonest mistakes in mini-lessons with 25 goof-proof principles that sincerely clarify the common blunders and the way to avoid it.
This wide-ranging survey of experimental tools in phonetics and phonology exhibits the insights and effects supplied through diversified tools of research, together with laboratory-based, statistical, psycholinguistic, computational-modeling, corpus, and box innovations. The 5 chapters within the first a part of the booklet study the new background and interrelations of conception and technique.
This booklet describes Optimality idea from the head down, explaining and exploring the crucial premises of OT and the implications that stick to from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the concept instead of the examples, on figuring out what's certain approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal components of curiosity.
This can be a entire and available advisor to the equipment researchers use to review baby language, written by way of skilled students within the examine of language improvement. provides a complete survey of laboratory and naturalistic options utilized in the examine of other domain names of language, age levels, and populations, and explains the questions addressed by means of each one techniquePresents new examine tools, similar to using useful close to Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) to check the task of the brainExpands on extra conventional study tools corresponding to assortment, transcription, and coding of speech samples which were reworked through new and software program
- Public Information Messages: A Contrastive Genre Analysis of State-Citizen Communication
- First Language Acquisition: Method, Description and Explanation
- English Phonology
- 1000 Deutsche Redensarten (German Edition)
- Shared Grammaticalization: With special focus on the Transeurasian languages
- The Acquisition of Diminutives: A Cross-Linguistic Perspective (Language Acquisition & Language Disorders)
Extra info for Causatives and Transitivity
Contrary to this, transitivation deals exclusively with the DSyntA II, and this, only under the condition that one of its surface realizations is the O dir . • The property of actants manipulated. The voice gives/removes com municative saliency to/ from a DSyntA of the verb by modifying its diath esis. Contrary to this, transitivation achieves the same goal by modifying the surface-syntactic rank of the actant concerned, without involving the verb's diathesis. Consequently, in order to define transitivation, I need to introduce another auxiliary concept: SYNTACTIC RANK of a SSyntA.
Saya bikin roti untuk tetangga-ku I make bread for neighbor ISG 'I've made some bread for my neighbor'. vs. d. Saya bikin + kan tetangga-ku roti I make 2/3-PERMneighbor ISG [= Odir] bread [= Oobl] lit. Tve made [ 'I've supplied'] my neighbor [with some] bread'. The first postverbal NP in (17b) and (17d) is, as indicated, an O dir , and the second, an O obl (this can be shown by their different syntactic behavior). In particular, the first postverbal NP, but not the second can be passivized: e.
T h e child has been caressed (with respect to) the head by the mother'. walk PRES lit. , while [he] is-blown-upon by the fresh wind, is-taking-awalk watching shop-windows'. THÈME These examples show where our definition of voice is too narrow: in English as well as in Japanese, the passive can promote to the status of DSyntA I even the circumstantials; moreover, Japanese admits such a promotion for the elements of the second level of subordination (kodomo in (7d)) and even for the elements which do not belong to the dependents of the verb concerned (Minoru in (7e), which is the understood subject of the passive form in the subordinate clause suzusii kazeni hukarenagara).
Causatives and Transitivity by Bernard Comrie, Maria Polinsky