By Jennifer Hay
First released in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa corporation.
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Additional info for Causes and Consequences of Word Structure (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics)
Armed with these tools, I demonstrate the central role of decomposability in morphological productivity (chapter 7) and the affix ordering generalization (chapter 8). The results are drawn together and discussed as a whole in chapter 9—the conclusion. Taken as a whole, the results in this book provide powerful evidence for the tight connection between speech processing, lexical representations, and aspects of linguistic competence. The likelihood that a form will be parsed during speech perception has profound consequences, from its grammaticality as a base of affixation, through to fine details of its implementation in the phonetics.
Indeed, almost any affix which enters into some low probability transitions is likely to enter into many. Thus, the set of affixes available for such a matched-pairs design are (as will be shown in chapter 7) extremely productive and robust affixes. There are many highly decomposable forms containing that affix in the lexicon, and so the affix emerges as productive and extremely “affix”-like. Thus, even in cases in which the phonotactics suggest analysis as monomorphemic, the cumulative force of many illegal transitions in the lexicon (and thus many robustly decomposed forms containing the affix) should facilitate ready decomposition.
However sonority restraints on sequencing ensure that the number of such “ambiguous” clusters in this representation is very small. The output layer consists of a single node, which is on if the current unit is the first unit in a word. In addition, the network has 6 hidden units, and 6 context units. The small number of hidden units forces an intermediate distributed transformation of the localist Causes and consequences of word structure 20 input. 1 are trainable, except the links between the hidden nodes and the context nodes, which are fixed at one to one, to capture a copy of the activation pattern of the previous unit.
Causes and Consequences of Word Structure (Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics) by Jennifer Hay