By Klaus Fischer
Nuclear physics among 1921 and 1947 formed greater than the other technology thepolitical panorama of our century and the general public opinion on actual study. utilizing quantitative scientometric equipment, a brand new department within the heritage of technological know-how, the writer specializes in the advancements of nuclear physics in those youth paying specified realization to theimpact of German emigrants at the evolution of the sector as a cognitive and social team spirit. The e-book is predicated on a radical research of varied quotation analyses therefore generating effects that are meant to be extra replicable and extra aim. The scientometric concepts should still supplement the extra qualitative procedure often utilized in historic writing. This makes the textual content a fascinating research additionally for the historian in general.
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Additional info for Changing Landscapes of Nuclear Physics: A Scientometric Study on the Social and Cognitive Position of German-Speaking Emigrants Within the Nuclear Physics Community, 1921–1947
The individual in this role will experience himself as living in a highly unstable world wherein no certain or unchanging knowledge can be acquired. , in the uncertain, fuzzy region between current and future scientific knowledge. He is not allowed unrestricted speculation, that landmark of real scientific outsidership with its benefits of enabling its defender to create a more or less consistent, albeit deviant, counter-world. This implies an unceasing cognitive restlessness, a never-ending, and only biologically terminated, search for better explanations and theories on the basis of the most advanced scientific knowledge that can easily result in cognitive and emotional exhaustion.
The different 'generations' of emigrants working in the field of quantum theory can be made visible by ordering the data according to author and time of publication (see table below). Table 20. Emigrant (co-)authorships in the field of quantum theory and wave mechanics, according to 'Physikalische Berichte', supplemented for the post WW II years by 'Physics Abstracts', 'Physical Review', and 'Reviews of Modern Physics' (only emigrants with at least four (Co-)authorships in the whole period were included) 1920-25 1926-30 1931-35 1936-40 1941-46 Sum ------------------------------------------------------------------ J.
Although not explicitely tested, the correlation should hold also for countries of settlement after emigration. 1 % at the top (quantum theory) with the rest in between, in the temporal order of origin. Note that we classified physicists like Wigner, Pauli, von Neumann, and von Halban in the majority of the following analyses as 'migrants' leaving Germany or Austria not for political and racial but mostly for job reasons before 1933 - although separation of factors may be difficult in some cases.
Changing Landscapes of Nuclear Physics: A Scientometric Study on the Social and Cognitive Position of German-Speaking Emigrants Within the Nuclear Physics Community, 1921–1947 by Klaus Fischer