By Harvey F. Kline
Charts the growth and failure of Colombian President Andrés Pastrana’s efforts to deliver an finish to sixty years of civil war.
The civil battle in Colombia has waxed and waned for nearly sixty years with moving objectives, courses, and strategies one of the contending events and with bursts of appalling violence punctuated by means of uneasy truces, cease-fires, and makes an attempt at reconciliation. kinds of Marxism, the economics of narco-trafficking, peasant land starvation, poverty, and oppression combine jointly in a poisonous stew that has claimed uncounted lives of (most usually) peasants, conscript squaddies, and those that simply acquired within the way.
Hope for solution of this clash is generally restrained to dreamers and millenialists of varied persuasions, yet sometimes an test is made at a leap forward within the army stalemate among the govt. and the Marxist teams. essentially the most promising such makes an attempt used to be made by means of new Colombian President Andrés Pastrana at a time while the most insurgent teams appeared receptive to critical discussion. This booklet is an account of that attempt at peace, followed on the outset via household and foreign help and wish, and but doomed like such a lot of others to eventual failure.
Through interviews with some of the actors during this drama, in addition to an knowing of a few of the curiosity teams and fiscal forces at paintings in Colombia, Dr. Kline charts the growth and supreme failure of this attempt, and thereby hopes to extend knowing of the factors of its loss of luck. the significance of the solution of the clash to the area and to bland voters of this land can't be
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Extra resources for Chronicle of a Failure Foretold: The Peace Process of Columbian President Andres Pastrana
To that end, in this chapter I will ¤rst discuss the Samper efforts (or lack thereof ) in the case of peace processes with the FARC and the ELN. In addition, to place the efforts of Pastrana in the changing Colombian context, I will also describe the notable transformations of paramilitary groups between 1994 and 1998 and the FARC modi¤cation of strategy. In addition, I discuss some of the theme introduced in chapter 1 during the Samper years. While I will mention Themes 2 (lack of governmental continuity) and 3 (symbolism and the imperial presidency), I will show that Theme 1 (lack of unity) was most important because of the opposition of the military to the demilitarized zone that both guerrilla groups desired, and which President Samper seemed willing to go along with in the case of the FARC.
55 Both sides agreed to support the National Convention. In it they would discuss the problem of national sovereignty over natural resources, including petroleum, in order to propose changes; would seek social transformations, with the goal of democratizing the state and society; and would consider structural changes that were needed, including the possibility of a constituent assembly. ”56 The signers of this document included politicians, clergy, representatives of NGOs, university professors, and business leaders, among others.
23 The peace process suffered another setback in July 1995 when the high commissioner of peace was elected to be a member of the National Directory of the Liberal Party. 24 This is another indication of the relatively low priority of the peace process for the Samper government, as well as an indication of the issue raised in Theme 2: the lack of continuity of governmental negotiators. The communiqués exchanged between government and FARC leaders con- Government of Ernesto Samper 31 tinued about La Uribe, with the guerrilla group in August 1995 calling for the demilitarization of the entire municipality.
Chronicle of a Failure Foretold: The Peace Process of Columbian President Andres Pastrana by Harvey F. Kline