By John Chesterman
This can be the 1st entire learn of the ways that Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders were excluded from the rights of Australian citizenship over the last a hundred years. Drawing generally on archival fabric, the authors examine how the colonies initiated a coverage of exclusion that was once then replicated via the Commonwealth and nation governments following federation. The ebook comprises cautious exam of presidency regulations and perform from the Eighties to the Nineteen Nineties. It argues that there has been by no means any constitutional the reason is, Aborigines couldn't be granted complete citizenship.
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Additional info for Citizens without Rights: Aborigines and Australian Citizenship
But that did not entail Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders losing their legal status as British subjects (not citizens). 42 CITIZENS WITHOUT RIGHTS Even so, the fact that Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders remained British subjects did not assist them. For, as we shall argue in the ensuing chapters, one's status as a British subject prior to 1948, and indeed as an Australian citizen after 1948, was meaningless on its own. The Australian people have never, at the colonial, State or Commonwealth level, adopted a constitutional or legislative statement outlining the rights and responsibilities of British subjecthood or Australian citizenship.
He rejected the theory that the Aboriginal race was a doomed one, and argued that the reserves would soon be able to finance themselves. 31 For his 1896 'Report on the Aboriginals of Queensland', Meston travelled 5000 miles over four months. He attributed the 'miserable contests' between the black and white races in Australia to misunderstanding, although he labelled most of the murders of beche-de-mer fishermen by Aboriginals 'acts of justly deserved retribution'. He called for the total prohibition of Aboriginal labour on pearl-shell, beche-demer and tortoise-shell fishing boats, or, alternatively, the most stringent regulation of the industry.
In 1905 the Queensland government sought advice as to whether 'half-castes' were permitted to vote federally, and received the response that 'half-castes are not disqualified, but the children of a half-caste and an aboriginal native are precluded'. 23 There is little evidence as to whether this thinking was then applied to the workings of the almost identical State franchise legislation. 24 Missions and Reserves Not all white Queenslanders considered Aborigines and Islanders to be there for their physical and economic exploitation.
Citizens without Rights: Aborigines and Australian Citizenship by John Chesterman