By Silvia Lac, Mark P. Mchenry
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2011). It is also important to note that models are not infallible; they are only simplified representations of the complexities of nature based on human understanding of the systems in question. Therefore, it is crucial that a modeler take into account the model they are using and how it represents the world. There are a number of ecological models that estimate vegetation development (productivity or vegetation type) under climate change. , 2008). There are many types of forest ecosystem models that are available for use, each with its own strengths and weaknesses.
Adaptation to climate change is any activity that reduces the negative impacts of climate change and takes advantage of new opportunities to best prepare for climate change impacts. Although forest ecosystems will adapt autonomously, forest management will influence the direction and timing of this adaptation to ensure the continued supply of goods and services available from the forest. Adaptation to climate change involves monitoring, anticipating change, undertaking actions to avoid the negative consequences and taking advantage of potential beneficial changes (Levina and Tirpak 2006).
In general, forest managers need to review the objectives of SFM for the local area and determine, with consultation of the local communities, which are the most important and what the feasible adaptation options would be. They need to be aware of barriers to adaptation arising from technical forest management challenges, policy barriers, and lack of access to human, technical and social capital. asp). 30 Elaine Qualtiere and Mark Johnston CONCLUSION Forests around the world will be significantly affected by climate change through increased rates of disturbance (fires, insects, disease, wind storms), changes in growth rates (both negative and positive) and changes in species distributions and competitive interactions.
Climate Change and Forest Ecosystems by Silvia Lac, Mark P. Mchenry