John T. Stonham's Combinatorial Morphology PDF

By John T. Stonham

ISBN-10: 9027236232

ISBN-13: 9789027236234

This e-book provides a close exam of an important arguments for a process-based thought of morphology and gives a highly-constrained replacement to the robust mechanisms proposed in processual theories of morphology.Data is gifted from dozens of other languages from a variety of language households worldwide, a lot of it new to the linguistic discussion board. the significance of prosodic morphology within the research of linguistic phenomena is highlighted and the necessity for higher constraints on generative strength is examined.
This paintings addresses the various thorniest difficulties in morphological concept in a singular substitute type, together with the problems of ablaut, trade ideas, metathesis, reduplication and subtraction, and provides reanalyses in line with moraic morphology and the conventional idea of 'combination' of morphemes besides the underlying topic of constraining the grammar of typical language to the utmost.
Contributions to the sphere contain: (i) new info from Nitinaht reduplicative buildings, Nootka hypocoristic formation, and Nootkan variable-length vowels; (ii) reanalyses of earlier difficulties, together with metathesis in Chawchila Yokuts, Hebrew, and Saanich, trade principles in Luo, Dinka, and Diegueño, and truncation in Danish; (iii) analyses of latest difficulties from reduplication in Nitinaht and Nootka templatic morphology; and (iv) new theoretical equipment is brought: the unification of templates and a brand new concept for hierarchical syllable constitution according to the mora as head of N.

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Example text

This also seems to be the case in the formation of Arabic Broken Plurals discussed in McCarthy & Prince (1990), where the prosodic structure of the base is maintained as long as it is not in conflict with the new template, in this case, the plural. With these cases in hand, we will now provide a more detailed account of the unification apparatus. Unification is basically an information-combining operation. The information to be combined comes in the shape of set of con­ straints containing feature-value pairs.

13) Reduplication plus lengthening of reduplicated V ([CV:R]) a. two-on beach 'two in a group' [CV:R] b . ' s tWO-in group i [CV:R] x ' 'six in a group' six-in group Note that vowels which are already long do not undergo further lengthen­ ing and so do not show any difference from the pattern in (12b). This is because Nitinaht allows at most two moras per syllable and, perhaps, because no language allows lexically distinctive, triply-long vowels. Another class requires the root vowel to be long, resulting in forms such as those in (14).

Thus, reduplication in Nitinaht is not a morpheme in itself, but rather merely an effect induced on the base by the exigencies of one or more morphemes. In the following section we will provide the background necessary to the argumentation of the remainder of the chapter. Following this the patterns of reduplication which constitute the basis for the arguments for a constraint-based approach advocated here will be presented and the alternative models of redupli­ cation which fall short of accounting for the data.

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Combinatorial Morphology by John T. Stonham


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