By D. Gary Miller
This research of complicated verb formation seeks to spot and make clear the way(s) within which a base verb turns into 'complex'. the writer conscientiously considers either the syntactic and the morphological aspect of this question, and in doing so brings a wealth of knowledge from very varied languages to undergo on claims made concerning the dating among syntactic and morphological constitution. The paintings takes the novel place that almost all info admit of both a syntactic (Phrase constitution) or lexical research simply because either usually are legitimate — below diverse situations. either techniques are constantly defended in an try and illustrate the complementarity of the 2 and confirm that's the higher formula for a given set of information. putting his research firmly within the context of historic linguistics, the writer indicates that it can be crucial to confess the potential of lexicalization. The e-book will pay consciousness to many different viewpoints, and its worth is additional more desirable via a 40-page bibliography. Miller's insightful therapy of questions of lexical decomposition, the connection of morphology to syntax, and the encoding of argument constitution on verbs make this a piece of the maximum significance for syntacticians in addition to morphologists.
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26). The analysis presented here is compatible with that of Safir (1991:107-108), who raises V to incorporate -ing in head of ING" (which subcategorizes VP, just as our AuxP subcategorizes VP). Our analysis is also like that of Belletti (1990:32-38), who generates Ital. PPP-/- in AspP and has it incorporated by the verb raising to INFL (AgrP), where the PPP gets agreement. GENERAL ASSUMPTIONS 23 (19) This analysis is more conservative than it may at first appear. , Pollock 1989; Baker & al. 1989; Belletti 1990).
Note that the order of affixes is mirror-image of the order of words in the English translation (allowing for 'Aux-inversion' in English). That the order of affixes obeys the same principles that govern sentence formation can hardly be coincidental ( cf. Schultz-Lorentzen 1945:90). Chapter 2 develops this; our task here is solely to ascertain the status of the relevant affixes. 15. Each added affix in (11) yields a new lexical item, as illustrated in (12) — with intransitive indicative -pu- instead of interrogative -pi-.
It will be suggested that some notion of c-command relevant to morphology may provide some answers within a restrictive theory of grammar. Morpheme order encodes (at least in part) the hierarchical relationships which provide for the scope of interpretation. 1. It is well known that children past the phonological segmentation stage (ca. , Aksu-Koç & Slobin 1985, for Turkish; MacWhinney 1985, for Hungarian; Mithun 1989, for Mohawk; Raghavendra & Leonard 1989, for Tamil). To appreciate what a staggering feat this could potentially be, consider Baker's point about learning morphology in a language like Eskimo with over 400 productive affixes.
Complex Verb Formation by D. Gary Miller