Get Computer Architecture: Fundamentals and Principles of PDF

By Joseph D. Dumas II

ISBN-10: 0849327490

ISBN-13: 9780849327490

Destiny computing pros needs to get to grips with historic machine architectures simply because the various similar or related concepts are nonetheless getting used and will persist good into the long run. laptop structure: basics and ideas of laptop layout discusses the elemental ideas of machine layout and function enhancement that experience confirmed potent and demonstrates how present traits in structure and implementation depend on those ideas whereas increasing upon them or utilizing them in new methods.

Rather than targeting a specific form of computing device, this textbook explains techniques and methods through examples drawn from a number of architectures and implementations. whilst worthwhile, the writer creates simplified examples that sincerely clarify architectural and implementation good points used throughout many computing structures.

Following an creation that discusses the adaptation among structure and implementation and the way they relate, the subsequent 4 chapters conceal the structure of conventional, single-processor platforms which are nonetheless, after 60 years, the main primary computing machines. the ultimate chapters discover ways to undertake while single-processor structures don't achieve wanted degrees of functionality or are usually not fitted to meant functions. subject matters contain parallel platforms, significant classifications of architectures, and features of unconventional structures of the previous, current, and future.

This textbook offers scholars with a radical grounding in what constitutes excessive functionality and the way to degree it, in addition to a whole familiarity within the basics had to make platforms practice higher. this data permits them to appreciate and review the numerous new platforms they'll stumble upon all through their specialist careers.

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Additional resources for Computer Architecture: Fundamentals and Principles of Computer Design

Example text

The thir d generation saw the development of the first minicomputers, led by Digital Equipment Corporation’s (DEC) PDP-8, which was introduced in 1964 and cost $16,000. DEC followed it with the mor e powerful PDP-1 1 in 1970. Data General brought the Nova minicomputer to market in 1969 and sold 50,000 machines at $8,000 each. The availability of these small and r elatively inexpensive machines meant that rather than an or ganization having a single, central computer shared among a large number of users, small departments or even individual workers could have their own machines.

Strictly speaking, one could define compatibility as the ability of different computers to run the same machine language, or object code, pr ograms. The physical implementation of two systems may be somewhat or even completely different; even some ar chitectural elements such as the number and type of buses, levels of the memory hierar chy, and exception handling techniques may vary between them. The key point is that if the two machines have the same instruction set architecture (ISA), then they will be able to run the same software.

The overall monetary cost of a space mission is so high that the incr emental price of a computer system may well be negligible. However , given the physics of launching the craft into orbit (or even interplanetary space), every gram of mass saved may be worth its earth weight, or more, in gold. Minimizing the physical volume of the system may also be a major consideration, and with operation depending on electricity fr om solar cells, batteries, or other low-current sources, low power consumption may be even mor e important.

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Computer Architecture: Fundamentals and Principles of Computer Design by Joseph D. Dumas II

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