By Lyn Frazier, Charles Clifton, Jr.
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This domain is defined in thematic terms. To begin with (24a), why should processing decisions fall into two classes? One possibility is that the processor is simply honoring obligatory grammatical requirements first, using them to guide fast obligatory decisions. Decisions concerning optional elements may then follow, being made at a more leisurely pace in terms of the constraints or guidelines emerging from obligatory decisions. For the most part, this simple account of (24a) would suffice since nonprimary phrases are indeed optional.
11 Hence, it must derive from the structure in (24a), which under any analysis requires the addition of an NP node to permit the PP to serve as a nominal modifier. The second criticism of the representational basis of the garden path model stems from its assumption that grammatical principles are precompiled into something resembling phrase structure rules or templates, or at least used jointly to allow inferable structure to be postulated in advance of the lexical items it dominates. The idea that something like phrase structure templates or rules might be used during parsing has received considerable criticism.
See chapter 5 for more discussion. Some girl slapped some boy yesterday who was angered by his behavior. Some girl slapped some boy yesterday who angered her with his behavior. Note that deleting the yesterday from (8) results in a strong preference for the relative clause to take the more recent object NP some boy as head. This may be because the parser prefers to avoid chains (the Minimal Chain Principle, discussed in chapter 1). If the relative clause were to take the subject as host, it would have to have been extraposed from within the subject NP, but such extraposition is not needed when the relative clause is immediately adjacent to an object NP host.
Construal by Lyn Frazier, Charles Clifton, Jr.