Download e-book for iPad: Construction Grammar in a Cross-language Perspective by Mirjam Fried, Jan-Ola Östman

By Mirjam Fried, Jan-Ola Östman

ISBN-10: 158811578X

ISBN-13: 9781588115782

ISBN-10: 9027218226

ISBN-13: 9789027218223

ISBN-10: 9027218250

ISBN-13: 9789027218254

ISBN-10: 9027294968

ISBN-13: 9789027294968

This quantity supplies an simply available, but accomplished, refined, and example-rich advent to development Grammar because it has been built from the early 1980’s by way of Charles J. Fillmore and his affiliates. It additionally offers a succinct account of the old and highbrow historical past of the version and indicates how development Grammar can simply be utilized to typologically very various languages and to various language-specific phenomena. all the members to the quantity got here out of the Fillmorean college at UC-Berkeley and feature labored continually on utilising and additional constructing the version in a variety of domain names of linguistic analysis.The 'Thumbnail comic strip' via Fried & Östman is the single broad advent released to this point to Fillmorean building Grammar.

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Additional info for Construction Grammar in a Cross-language Perspective (Constructional Approaches to Language)

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C. Torbaları ta¸sıdı. ’ Moreover, it is evident from the English examples in (13) below that it is not just a matter of numbers anyway; both (13a) and (13b) have two complements and yet, neither is a well-formed sentence. (13) a. *He carried for me. b. *This time carried to the car. Although Peter and bags constitute an acceptable minimum of roles, any other combination of any two complements found in (11a) does not. And finally, the one-complement Turkish sentence in (12c) is still different from other one-complement patterns, such as the Russian example in (14), even though they look superficially identical in that the single complement in both is an accusative-marked constituent.

Sem frame cnfg num bounded lxm book much [ ... ] count sg + Figure 6. Partial representation of the ill-formed construct *much book syn [ ... ] sem [ ... ] syn [ ... ] sem frame [THE] cnfg mass num sg bound – lxm the syn [ ... ] sem frame [SNOW] cnfg mass num sg bound – lxm snow syn [ ... ] sem [ ... ] syn syn [ ... ] [ ... ] sem frame [THE] cnfg count num sg bound + sem frame [BOOK] cnfg count num sg bound + lxm lxm the book Figure 7. 4 on valence. A mere listing of the feature structures associated with each word is not enough to represent the phrase as a whole.

However, cooccurrence restrictions are not limited to specifying just the number and type of arguments. The constructional representations also have to have a way of capturing the fact that certain arguments may show ‘privileged’ behavior with respect to coding as well as to morphosyntactic constraints on their distribution; for example, a particular argument is more likely to function as the subject in active sentences, or to be marked by the nominative case. CxG does not subscribe to the notion of a universal hierarchy of semantic roles that would automatically predict for any given valence in any given language which semantic role is the privileged one.

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Construction Grammar in a Cross-language Perspective (Constructional Approaches to Language) by Mirjam Fried, Jan-Ola Östman

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