By Scott Jarvis
A cogent, freshly written synthesis of latest and vintage paintings on crosslinguistic impression, or language move, this book is an authoritative account of move in second-language studying and its effects for language and suggestion. It covers move in either construction and comprehension, and discusses the excellence among semantic and conceptual move, lateral move, and opposite move. The publication is perfect as a textual content for upper-level undergraduate and graduate classes in bilingualism, second language acquisition, psycholinguistics, and cognitive psychology, and also will be of curiosity to researchers in those components.
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Additional resources for Crosslinguistic Influence in Language and Cognition
Chapters 4 and 5 will engage centrally with these issues. Another important theoretical development that pertains more speciﬁcally to bilingualism research has been the widespread acceptance of the multicompetence framework proposed by Cook (1991, 1992, 1997, 1999, 2003). The theory suggests that people who know more than one language have a distinct compound state of mind which is not equivalent to two monolingual states. A similar argument has been advanced by Grosjean (1982, 1989, 1992, 1998), who has repeatedly argued that a bilingual is not a sum of two complete or incomplete monolinguals in one body but rather a speciﬁc speaker-hearer with a unique but nevertheless complete linguistic system.
The example just discussed involves a diachronic CLI phenomenon—one in which a dialect of English has changed over time as the result of sustained inﬂuence from Irish. This contrasts with the synchronic perspective on transfer, in which CLI is investigated within a given time period without reference to its historical context. The diachronic–synchronic dichotomy may at ﬁrst glance appear to be a good way to distinguish between transfer as a societal phenomenon and transfer as a psycholinguistic phenomenon.
It is clear that this trend has continued even until today. One lingering problem, though, is that researchers have not yet reached a consensus on what the standards of evidence should be. In fact, only rarely have issues surrounding transfer methodology been discussed in a public forum. , Jarvis, 1998, 2000a; Odlin, 1989, 2003), and includes our own insights into the matter. We begin with the matter of scope, and then turn to more speciﬁc methodological issues that relate to both small-scale and large-scale investigations of CLI.
Crosslinguistic Influence in Language and Cognition by Scott Jarvis