Cultural Conceptualisations and Language: Theoretical - download pdf or read online

By Farzad Sharifian

ISBN-10: 9027204047

ISBN-13: 9789027204042

ISBN-10: 902728718X

ISBN-13: 9789027287182

This publication provides a multidisciplinary theoretical version of cultural conceptualisations and language. Viewing language as firmly grounded in cultural cognition, the version attracts on analytical instruments and theoretical developments in numerous disciplines, together with cognitive linguistics, cognitive anthropology, anthropological linguistics, dispensed cognition, complexity technological know-how, and cognitive psychology. the result's a framework that has major implications for these disciplines in addition to for utilized linguistics. functions of the version to intercultural communique, cross-cultural pragmatics, English as a global Language/World Englishes, and political discourse research are explored intimately.

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Sample text

1986). Regardless of what the status of conceptualisations, such as schemas and categories, is within the boundaries of an individual’s cognition, I would like to argue that these conceptualisations also largely emerge at the cultural level of cognition discussed above. People partly partake in similar experience and, as such, constantly negotiate and conventionalise the way they conceptualise their experience. Although, in all probability, no two individuals conceptualise experience in exactly the same way, it is often possible to perceive a collective cognition emerging 25 26 Cultural Conceptualisations and Language from the interactions between the members of a cultural group.

While one might object to the fuzziness or looseness of notions such as ‘cultural group’, our realities appear to be largely characterised by ‘looseness’ rather than by rigid boundaries and units. Cultural conceptualisations usually develop into complex, dynamic systems of knowledge, which are not totally and equally shared by the members of the target cultural group. Over time, such dynamic systems may act as major anchor points for people’s thought and behaviour and may even constitute a worldview.

Kaplan, 1966, 1987; Kintsch & Greene, 1978). It has been noted, for example, that Kuna Indians of Panama do not construct their narrative structure based on temporal ordering (Sherzer, 1987). In other words, the speakers do not seem to rely on temporal schemas in their narrativisation of experience. Palmer (1996) attributes this to the salience and valuation of the imagery in the narrator’s worldview. Aboriginal English speakers also do not appear to rely very much on the chronological sequencing of the events in their discourse production.

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Cultural Conceptualisations and Language: Theoretical framework and applications by Farzad Sharifian

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