New PDF release: Cyclical Change Continued

By Elly van Gelderen

ISBN-10: 9027257108

ISBN-13: 9789027257109

This ebook offers new facts and extra questions in regards to the linguistic cycle. the themes mentioned are the pronoun, destructive, damaging existential, analytic-synthetic, distributive, determiner, measure, and future/modal cycles. The papers elevate questions on the size of time that cycles take, the interactions among various cycles, the common levels and their balance, and the areal elements influencing cycles. The languages and language households which are thought of intensive are important Pomo, Cherokee, chinese language, English, French, Gbe, German, Hmong-Mien, Maipurean, Mayan, Mohawk, Mon-Khmer, Niger-Congo, Nupod, Quechuan, Sino-Tibetan, Tai-Kadai , Tuscarora, Ute, and Yoruboid. One paper covers numerous of the world’s language households. Cyclical switch connects linguists operating in quite a few frameworks since it is interesting to discover a explanation for this interesting phenomenon.

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Additional info for Cyclical Change Continued

Sample text

The renewal of demonstratives in both languages through a locative adverb (‘here’, ‘there’) follows a recurring tendency noted by Brugè 1996 and cited in van Gelderen (2011: 197). 3. Pragmatic reinforcement A number of cycles are set in motion by a weakening of pragmatic force. These cycles differ among themselves in their cross-linguistic frequency. Some are rare, while others are widespread. 1 Distributive cycles One rarer cycle that can be seen in Iroquoian languages involves distributives, verbal suffixes which spread events and states over locations and sometimes, by extension, over times, participants, and/or kinds of participants.

Wa’tkáwe’ste’. Wa’tk-atat-áwe’ste’. ’ c. Wa’kkòn:reke’. ’ Wa’k-atat-kòn:reke’. ’ The reduplicated form is also used as a reciprocal with a dual or plural argument and as an intensifier contrasting with the middle. ’ 2. Semantic generalization and abstraction Semantic change drives another more common set of changes cross-linguistically: determiner cycles. In oft-cited work, Greenberg (1978) and Lyons (1999) noted the recurring shifts of demonstratives to articles and eventually class or case markers.

B. ’ As in Mohawk, the newer, more concrete Tuscarora demonstratives are already being extended beyond their function of specifying concrete location to indicating distance in time, empathy, and discourse. What cycles when and why?  The renewal of demonstratives in both languages through a locative adverb (‘here’, ‘there’) follows a recurring tendency noted by Brugè 1996 and cited in van Gelderen (2011: 197). 3. Pragmatic reinforcement A number of cycles are set in motion by a weakening of pragmatic force.

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Cyclical Change Continued by Elly van Gelderen

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