Darwinism, War and History: The Debate over the Biology of - download pdf or read online

By Paul Crook

ISBN-10: 0511521340

ISBN-13: 9780511521348

ISBN-10: 0521444659

ISBN-13: 9780521444651

ISBN-10: 0521466458

ISBN-13: 9780521466455

This booklet demanding situations the obtained view that Darwinism generated basically competitive and warlike social values and pugnacious photos of humankind. Paul criminal reconstructs the influential discourse of "peace biology," whose liberal imaginative and prescient was once of a primarily loose humanity, now not fettered through iron legislation of organic necessity or ruled by means of violent genes. by means of exploring a gamut of Darwinian readings of heritage and conflict, commonly within the English-speaking global sooner than 1919, this examine throws vital new mild on militarism, peace routine, the origins of worldwide struggle I and British social notion.

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Extra info for Darwinism, War and History: The Debate over the Biology of War from the 'Origin of Species' to the First World War

Sample text

He blamed the fall of Greek civilisation on historical, geographical and moral factors: ' from a want of coherence between many small states, from the small size of their whole country, from the practice of slavery, or from extreme sensuality' (p. 54 Extinction might even overtake the western nations of Europe' who now so immeasurably surpass their former savage progenitors, and stand at the summit of civilisation' (p. 217). However Darwin privately was convinced that white Europeans would be top dogs for some considerable time.

Despite Herbert Spencer's denigration of Comtism, he owed a considerable intellectual debt to positivism. However he owed an even greater debt to native English tradition and historical experience, most notably that evoked in the dissenting, radical, crusadingly middle-class world of the English midlands and north in which the young railway engineer-cumintellectual grew up. This was also the nurturing-bed for the cosmopolitan bourgeois peace ideal that flourished in mid century, generally linked with Cobden and Bright and the Manchester School.

The French positivists put this thesis in naturalistic garb. In works such as The Reorganisation of European Society (1814) the Comte de SaintSimon saw history as alternating between 'organic' periods, when social cohesion was great, and 'critical' periods of change and destruction, necessary because they carried the seeds of the next organic phase. ) The world was only then, in the early nineteenth century, passing from the more primitive military and religious stage, into the 'positive' stage of industry based upon science.

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Darwinism, War and History: The Debate over the Biology of War from the 'Origin of Species' to the First World War by Paul Crook

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