By Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann
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Extra resources for Decentralisation in Africa: A Pathway out of Poverty and Conflict?
The Local Government Public Accounts Committee is in charge of auditing and reporting to the district council and the Ministry of Local Government. The District Land Board deals with any matters connected to land in the district, particularly the allocation of land which is not owned by any person or authority. A number of central government institutions are supposed to support local governments and administrative units in the fulfilment of their mandated functions, including the Ministry of Local Government, the Ministry of Public Service, the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Economic Development, and the different line ministries.
These councils form the political organ at the local level. They are headed by the council chairperson who is elected locally and is answerable to the respective council that he/she chairs. 14 The sub-county (LC3), municipality (LC4), municipal division (LC3), town (LC3) and city division (LC3) councils are classified as lower local governments; and the county (LC4), parish (LC2), ward (LC2) and village (LC1) councils as administrative units (Figure 1). Local government councils have Figure 1: The five-tier system of local governments and administrative units in Uganda District (LC5) County (LC4) Sub-County (LC3) City (LC5) Municipality (LC4) Municipal Division (LC3) Town (LC3) Ward (LC2) Parish (LC2) Village (LC1) Source: Author’s illustration.
2004), which used a substantial part of the limited available human resources. In consequence, cabinet passed the Fiscal Decentralisation Strategy in June 2002, which was introduced in fifteen pilot local governments in 2003/04 and countrywide in 2004/05. It entails two systems of intergovernmental transfers, the recurrent transfer system and the development transfer system, through which the unconditional, conditional and equalisation grants are now channelled. This significantly reduces the administrative burden compared to the previous transfer system.
Decentralisation in Africa: A Pathway out of Poverty and Conflict? by Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann