By John R. te Velde
This monograph proposes a minimalist, phase-based method of the derivation of coordinate buildings, using the operations replica and fit to account for either the symmetries and asymmetries of coordination. information are drawn basically from English, German and Dutch. the fundamental assumptions are that each one coordinate constructions are symmetric to a point (in distinction to parasitic hole and lots of verb word ellipsis constructions), and those symmetries, in particular with ellipsis, enable syntactic derivations to make use of replica and fit in interface with energetic reminiscence for economizing with gaps and assuring readability of interpretation. With derivations working on the function point, complex houses of coordinate constructions equivalent to cross-categorial and non-constituent coordination, violations of the Coordinate constitution Constraint, in addition to coordinate ellipsis (Gapping, RNR, Left-Edge Ellipsis) are accounted for with out separate mechanisms or stipulations acceptable simply to coordinate buildings. The concept presents help for crucial assumptions concerning the constitution of West Germanic.
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Extra info for Deriving Coordinate Symmetries: A Phase-Based Approach Integrating Select, Merge, Copy And Match (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today)
Item b may seem superfluous; the point is that a lexical coordinating conjunction has different properties than its non-lexical equivalent. This difference is evident in the contrast between (46a) and (46b): (46) a. The army invaded and the people looted the village b. The army invaded; the people looted the village Only in (46a) is there a clear correlation between the two events. A certain prosody (rising and falling intonation) can assist the correlation in (46b), but it never becomes as definite as in (46a).
Consider the examples in (49) from Lasersohn (1995: 110): (49) a. Every day and every night was spent in bed b. No peasant and no pauper was ever president c. Many a day and many a night has passed away These constructions contrast with the following (Lasersohn 1995: 111): (50) a. b. c. d. ” The minimal elements of a noun phrase denotation Q are those sets which are mapped onto 1 by Q, and which have no proper subset which is also mapped onto 1 by Q. 31 (1663-1733) Chapter 2. Features and matching in coordination of its denotation are singleton sets in every model.
I am assuming, following Reid (2001), that adverbs can be adjoined rather freely in a phrase structure, including by means of a coordinating conjunction. In Chapter 3 we will investigate other similarities between conjunction and adjunction. Recapping briefly, CFM depends on the selection of lexical items with symmetric features, while Copy in narrow syntax assures the symmetry of formal features. Though LF-matching resembles syntactic Spec-head feature matching/checking in some respects, it differs from it in significant ways: (a) It is not subject to the same configurational requirements because it occurs in LF; (b) It does not eliminate any features, not even uninterpretable ones, but rather targets semantic features; (c) A minimum number of semantic features must match (the number varies, depending on language-specific and other factors, such as the degree of symmetry present in the other features); syntactic and phonetic features must match in certain types of ellipsis; non-matching syntactic and phonetic features can often be resolved according to language-specific rules and parameters; resolution of semantic feature conflicts typically leads to an ill-formed (non-interpretable) construction.
Deriving Coordinate Symmetries: A Phase-Based Approach Integrating Select, Merge, Copy And Match (Linguistik Aktuell Linguistics Today) by John R. te Velde