Read e-book online Development of Socialist Economic Thought: Selected Essays PDF

ISBN-10: 190983176X

ISBN-13: 9781909831766

Maurice Dobb (1900-1976) used to be a hugely influential Marxist political economist and fiscal historian. He used to be well-known for his writings on fiscal improvement - together with the improvement of capitalism within the west, and the dilemmas of the Soviet Union of their efforts to industrialise what were basically an agricultural nation. This assortment brings jointly a variety of essays written within the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies, on socialist fiscal suggestion and making plans.

The essays speak about many problems with relevance this present day - easy methods to lead to progress in non-industrialised nations; non-market ways to the economic climate; and the relevance of Marx to analysing commodity capitalism. The essays are brought by way of Dobb's Literary Executor Brian Pollitt, who additionally offers an invaluable creation to Dobb's existence and paintings.

Maurice Dobb used to be writer of many works, together with Studies within the improvement of Capitalism (1946), Soviet fiscal improvement due to the fact 1917 (revised 1966) and Theories of worth and Distribution due to the fact that Adam Smith (1973). He additionally collaborated with Piero Sraffa for a few years in his paintings on Ricardo. Brian Pollitt has labored in Cuba, Chile and Nicaragua. His later examine has keen on the issues of transition in socialist economies. He has held educating and examine positions on the Universities of Yale, Massachusetts, Concepcion and Adelaide, and has lately retired from his put up on the collage of Glasgow.

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Fourteen years later there appeared J. F. Bray’s Labour’s Wrongs and Labour’s Remedy, which also contrasts ‘unequal exchanges’ 45 46 The development of socialist economic thought with equal and speaks of the exchange between capital and labour as ‘legalised robbery’. Both writers ended by advocating somewhat vaguely a kind of Owenite cooperation. These writers apparently had in common the a priori derivation of ideal precepts for rebuilding society from postulated first principles of ‘justice’ or of ‘natural right’.

While Dobb does not make the point, Mao’s revolution in China, together with less significant examples elsewhere in Asia, Africa and Latin America, were all underpinned by variations of Lenin’s theoretical position. 2. Significant among these was Alexander Erlich’s The Soviet Industrialisation Debate, 1924-28 (1960); N. Spulber’s edition of Soviet economic essays for the period 1924-30, translated in Foundations of Soviet Economic Growth (1964); Brian Pearce’s translation of Preobrazhensky’s The New Economics (1965); and Thorner, Kerblay and Smith’s edition of Chayanov’s The Theory of Peasant Economy (1966).

POST-1917 SOCIAL DEMOCRACY In the years since the Russian Revolution the socialist world has been more or less sharply divided between those who recognised this event as a genuine socialist revolution and those who denied it such a name. The difference partly turned on the methods used to achieve and consolidate the revolution, namely the use of insurrection and armed force and the regime of the ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’. But there was also the deeper issue of whether socialism could be built at all in a backward country of weakly developed industry and predominantly peasant agriculture.

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