By Carol Lynn Moder, Aida Martinovic-Zic
This quantity seeks to solutions such questions as: how is wakeful event translated into discourse? How are foregrounding and backgrounding comprehensive? what's the functionality of positive aspects like lexical selection, referential selection, definiteness and subjecthood and the way are they discovered? and lots of extra.
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Extra info for Discourse across Languages and Cultures (Studies in Language Companion)
But in addition to that, the idea of his sitting there was not a newsworthy new idea in itself. Its function was to introduce the idea of Mike. It was unimportant whether he was sitting, standing, or lying. What was important was simply that he was there. In other words, the way of introducing a new referent that is illustrated in (13) is appropriate if the referent is familiar and identiﬁable, and if the verb is a presentative verb that lacks the independent newsworthiness that was a property of the verbs in (2) — ‘he set out’, or in (8) — ‘his wife died’, or in (10) — ‘he was alone’.
He’d have to go a long way it is said. So he started walking it is said. There is another way epistemology is frequently expressed in Seneca discourse. Verbs in the perfective (PFV) aspect, like those in lines (a), (d), (e), and (f), must include a so-called modal preﬁx. The perfective aspect cannot occur without such a preﬁx. There are three of them, and they express points on a scale of reality, ranging from factual through predictive to hypothetical. Something is regarded as a fact, or as something expected to become a fact (translatable with either a future or an imperative), or as something that is simply imagined as a possibility (translatable with ‘might’).
The idea of buying a bottle was part of the protagonist’s own experience, not something he had heard about. It is, in fact, this absence of gyǫʔǫh that makes it unambiguously clear that (2d) is an indirect thought of the protagonist and not something reported from the outside by the narrator. Conversely, the presence of gyǫʔǫh in (2e) makes it clear that the idea of his going very far was not a continuation of the indirect thought, but in this case was a comment by the narrator. Whereas Seneca may be more explicit than English with regard to epistemology, space, and aspect, I have sometimes felt the need to be speciﬁc in English translations in ways that go beyond the Seneca original.
Discourse across Languages and Cultures (Studies in Language Companion) by Carol Lynn Moder, Aida Martinovic-Zic