By Douglas Biber
Discourse at the Move is the 1st book-length exploration of ways corpus-based equipment can be utilized for discourse research, utilized to the outline of discourse association. the first aim is to carry those analytical views jointly: project an in depth discourse research of every person textual content, yet doing so in phrases that may be generalized throughout all texts of a corpus. The e-book explores significant techniques to this job: ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’. within the ‘top-down’ process, the practical parts of a style are decided first, after which all texts in a corpus are analyzed by way of these elements. against this, textual parts emerge from the corpus research within the bottom-up strategy, and the discourse association of person texts is then analyzed when it comes to linguistically-defined textual different types. either ways are illustrated via case reviews of discourse constitution specifically genres: fund-raising letters, biology/biochemistry examine articles, and collage school room educating.
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Extra resources for Discourse on the Move: Using corpus analysis to describe discourse structure (Studies in Corpus Linguistics)
To summarize, what makes a corpus-based approach to move analysis different from the ‘traditional’ approach are the following: a) analyses are done on a relatively large representative collection of texts from a particular genre; b) all texts are electronically encoded to allow for computerized counts and calculations using different programs and software packages; c) once the coding rubric for move types is developed, all texts in the corpus are coded to identify the moves and code the move types; d) analysis of the linguistic characteristics of specific move types can be easily done in order to provide details about how different communicative purposes are realized linguistically; and e) in addition to conducting the traditional move analysis, quantitative counts permit the discussion of general trends, relative frequency of particular move types, and prototypical and alternate patterns of move type usage (this is discussed further below).
And Move 2, regardless of its position in the letter, is immediately followed by Move 3 87% (316/362) of the time. 4 Genre prototypes With statistics on move frequencies and lengths, as well as descriptions of where in the genre a move type tends to occur and how one move type typically relates to another, a key advantage of a corpus-based approach can be realized: the ability to develop genre prototypes. Prototypes are particularly valuable in educational and training contexts to help novices learn to understand and produce a genre that is new to them.
1 in practice occur concurrently in Steps 6–8. 3 are the same. While the process described here is not the only way to do a corpus-based move analysis, in the end, the move structure should represent the “rhetorical movement” (Swales, 1990, p. 140) of the functional-semantic purposes of the text segments that make up the genre, and all texts in the corpus must be coded for these distinctions. 2 Chapter 2. Introduction to move analysis Inter-rater reliability For top-down approaches to discourse analysis, the first methodological steps in the analysis involve human judgements to identify and code the discourse components of a text.
Discourse on the Move: Using corpus analysis to describe discourse structure (Studies in Corpus Linguistics) by Douglas Biber