By Malcolm C. Grimston
International strength call for is probably going to upward thrust considerably by means of the mid-21st century. while, using fossil fuels might have to be seriously curtailed to lessen the emission of greenhouse gases. Nuclear energy is without doubt one of the few strategies that meet those conflicting requisites. although, its capability to take action is an argument of vast confrontation and excessive feelings, with balanced details tough to discover. this article, the end result of a two-year examine, presents a dispassionate and target overview of the most important disputes at the destiny position of this debatable gas. Decisionmakers and their advisers, in addition to proponents and competitors of the gas, may still locate that this ebook presents explanation of the most matters influencing the way forward for nuclear power: relative economics, public perceptions and the method of decisionmaking, nuclear learn and improvement, waste administration, reprocessing and proliferation, nuclear security and nuclear strength and the Kyoto Protocol. within the gentle of the numerous uncertainties within the box of strength, the relevance of those concerns can basically keep growing.
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Additional resources for Double or Quits: The Future of Civil Nuclear Energy
In reality, however, the ‘rational’ response on the part of the non-expert would be to assume that radioactive waste was even more dangerous than had been admitted before, especially if regulators were producing progressively more stringent safety conditions. Fear of radioactive waste would be heightened, as would mistrust of the nuclear scientists. Furthermore, assessments of the damage caused by low levels of radiation have changed in recent years. It is now believed that the survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki received lower radiation doses than was first thought.
As the power cuts bit, support for new nuclear stations rose significantly, to fall away just as rapidly when the power shortages eased. ‘Public opinion’ or ‘public confidence’ would thus seem to be heavily influenced by the context in which questions are put. The degree to which support or opposition is expressed, ho wever, is only one aspect of an opinion. The strength with which the opinion is held and the likelihood that the topic will be mentioned without specific prompting are also important.
2002, 09:47 36 Double or Quits? It is unlikely, even in principle, that it will ever prove possible to reconcile differences between the extremes of the pro-nuclear and anti-nuclear communities. In a Consensus Conference on radioactive waste held in the United Kingdom in 1999, for example, one witness argued against research into transmutation as a way of reducing the lifetime of long-lived radioactive wastes on the grounds that solving the waste problem would make nuclear power more attractive and should therefore be resisted.
Double or Quits: The Future of Civil Nuclear Energy by Malcolm C. Grimston