By Elisabeth Krimmer, Patricia Anne Simpson
Enlightened conflict investigates the a number of and intricate interactions among war and Enlightenment idea. even if the Enlightenment is routinely pointed out with the beliefs of development, everlasting peace, cause, and self-determination, Enlightenment discourse opened up in the course of a interval of lengthy ecu struggle from the Seven Years' struggle to the Napoleonic conquest of Europe. The essays during this quantity discover the palpable impression of battle on eighteenth-century suggestion and argue for an ideological affinity between struggle, Enlightenment notion, and its legacy. The essays are interdisciplinary, attractive with historical past, paintings heritage, philosophy, army conception, gender stories, and literature and with old occasions and cultural contexts from the early Enlightenment via German Classicism and Romanticism. the amount enriches our realizing of conflict within the eighteenth century and indicates how theories and practices of struggle impacted strategies of subjectivity, nationwide identification, gender, and paintings. It additionally sheds mild at the modern dialogue of the legitimacy of violence via juxtaposing theories of battle, recommendations of revolution, and human rights discourses. participants: Johannes Birgfeld, David Colclasure, Sara Eigen Figal, Ute Frevert, Wolf Kittler, Elisabeth Krimmer, Waltraud Maierhofer, Arndt Niebisch, Felix Saure, Galili Shahar, Patricia Anne Simpson, Inge Stephan.
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Additional info for Enlightened War: German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture)
15 Martin Luther, Der kleine Katechismus. Nach der Ausgabe v. j. 1536, ed. Otto Albrecht (Halle: Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses, 1905). 16 Frederick II, Dialogue de Morale à l’usage de la jeune noblesse, vol. 9 of Oeuvres de Frédéric le Grand. The German translation (ordered by Frederick) was distributed as the Moralischer Dialog zum Gebrauch des jungen Adels. I cite from the 40 SARA EIGEN FIGAL version printed in Friedrichs des Zweiten Königs von Preussen bei seinen Lebzeiten gedruckte Werke.
In the following, I examine several texts that present a public discourse of channeled — and relatively chastened — hostility, resulting in two provocative governing principles: first, that one may hate one’s brother, but one may not kill him; and second, that one may kill one’s enemy, but one may not hate him. In a book entitled Die Abgötterei unsers philosophischen Jahrhunderts. Erster Abgott: Ewiger Friede (The Idolatry of our Philosophical Century. ” In so doing, he offered a defense of war as not merely inevitable, but productive.
6 Armstrong Starkey, War in the Age of the Enlightenment, 1700–1789 (Westport, CT: Praeger, 2003), 5–7. THE POINT 7 OF RECOGNITION 39 For a discussion of the ambiguous meaning of “nation” during the Seven Years’ War in German political and literary texts and the variety of images deployed by printed propaganda from all sides of the conflict, see numerous essays in the collection, “Krieg ist mein Lied”: Der Siebenjährige Krieg in den zeitgenössischen Medien, ed. Wolfgang Adam and Holger Dainat (Göttingen: Wallstein, 2007); see also Hans-Martin Blitz, Aus Liebe zum Vaterland: Die deutsche Nation im 18.
Enlightened War: German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture) by Elisabeth Krimmer, Patricia Anne Simpson