By Andres Solimano
Attaining peace and selling monetary and social improvement are the 2 major demanding situations dealing with nations like Colombia, stricken by a major inner armed clash. a number of reports, together with this one, point out that Colombia's violence and armed clash stem from a fancy interplay of monetary, social, historic and political elements. This booklet concludes that reaching and consolidating peace is key for Colombia. with no sustained peace, there'll no longer be any financial and social improvement. Peace, as soon as accomplished, has to be supported via vast household consensus and through monetary and public regulations that advertise monetary development, activity construction, and meals defense, between different concerns. one of the books different conclusions, is that peace would require deep institutional reforms, most likely a brand new social agreement.
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Additional resources for Essays on Conflict, Peace, and Development: Colombia (Conflict Prevention and Post-Conflict Reconstruction)
9 Role of the Household and Fanily in Violence Reproduction At the interpersonal and individual levels, the family is the primary institution for transmitting and reproducing social norms. The family's role in perpetuating violence may be a precursor to violent behavior, especially child and partner abuse. For example, leading Colombian experts on child abuse believe that abusive childrearing patterns are responsible for transmission of trauma and the growth of a subculture of violence through socialization processes and interpersonal relationships of individuals living in similar conditions (Ross 1998).
Often long-term in impact; often challenging to bring parties to table, then mediate conflict. Approach Objective Violenceprevention by reducing individual risk factors. Institutional Conflict Achieving Political transformation nonviolent resolution of conflict through Social negotiated terms between conflictive parties. Interpersonal Institutional Structural Human rights Social capital Political Legal enforcement of human rights and documentation Social of abuse by states and other social actors.
Other sources estimate some 1,200,000 displaced persons in 1998 (Reyes 1998; CODHES 1998a). An estimated 35 percent of displacement is caused by persecution from illegal paramilitary organizations, 17 percent by the armed forces and police, and 24 percent by armed opposition groups. In 24 percent of the cases, the internally displaced were not able to identify those responsible (Amnesty International 1997). Most of the displaced persons come from rural families. At least 31 of 100 displaced households are headed by women, 76 percent of them widows or women abandoned during displacement.
Essays on Conflict, Peace, and Development: Colombia (Conflict Prevention and Post-Conflict Reconstruction) by Andres Solimano