Download e-book for kindle: Eureka: The Birth of Science by Andrew Gregory

By Andrew Gregory

ISBN-10: 1840462892

ISBN-13: 9781840462890

That guy ever controlled to improve a 'scientific' angle to the wildlife is without doubt one of the precise wonders of human concept. And answering the query of the place and the way this angle begun will help us greater comprehend the realm we are living in and the technology that governs it. Eureka! indicates that technology begun with the Greeks. Disciplines as various as drugs, biology, engineering, arithmetic and cosmology all have their roots in historic Greece. Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Archimedes and Hippocrates have been among its stars - grasp architects all of recent, in addition to old, technological know-how. yet what lay at the back of this immense eruption of clinical activity?Free from highbrow and spiritual dogma, the Greeks rejected rationalization by way of myths and capricious gods, and, in distinguishing among the usual and the supernatural, they have been the 1st to find nature. New theories started to be built and confirmed, resulting in a quick raise within the sophistication of data, and eventually to an wisdom of the excellence among technology and know-how. Andrew Gregory unravels the genesis of technological know-how during this interesting exploration of the origins of Western civilisation and our wish for a rational, legitimating process of the universe.

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For example, metals would be fixed proportions of earth and water (the Greeks considered metals to be made partly of water, since they became fluid when heated). As with cosmology, once the Greeks began to theorise, there was a rapid increase in the sophistication of their theories of matter. Despite the almost universal acceptance of the four elements after Empedocles, there were wide variations on exactly what constituted them, as we will see with Aristotle and Plato. It was not until the chemical revolution of the eighteenth century that air was shown to be composed of several different gases and that water could be made from, and dissociated into, hydrogen and oxygen, thus showing that air and water were not elements.

World would create these basic building blocks to ensure that the elements were properly proportioned as perfect solids. When he imposed shape and number on the chaos, this is how he did it. He also created a certain order for the earth and for the heavens. Whatever the merits of Plato’s view on atomism, the basic principle that he introduced to science has been important ever since: although the world appears to be diverse and complex, there is an underlying order which we can capture with mathematics and geometry, and that order is simple, elegant and aesthetically pleasing.

The 34 Greeks assumed the cosmos to be comprehensible, to be understandable by humans. If so, then they required a coherent theory of change, and the paradoxes raised by Parmenides and Zeno had to be resolved. If Parmenides and Zeno were correct, then everyone else was wrong. Their views were not compatible with other theories, and had to be overcome. This requirement drove the Greeks to new heights of sophistication in their conceptions of matter and change. The Pythagoreans: the Secret Magic of Numbers Also of considerable importance were the philosopher and guru Pythagoras of Samos (fl.

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Eureka: The Birth of Science by Andrew Gregory

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