Get Feminism and Motherhood in Western Europe, 1890-1970: The PDF

By A. Allen

ISBN-10: 1403962367

ISBN-13: 9781403962362

ISBN-10: 1403981434

ISBN-13: 9781403981431

Motherhood and citizenship are phrases which are heavily associated and feature been redefined during the last century because of adjustments in women's prestige, feminist activities, and political advancements. Mother-child relationships have been vastly laid low with political judgements through the early 1900s, and the maternal function has been remodeled through the years. to appreciate the dilemmas confronted by means of ladies relating motherhood and paintings, for instance, Allen argues that the matter needs to be tested by way of its demographic and political improvement via heritage. Allen highlights the feminist routine in Western Europe--primarily Britain, France, Germany, and the Netherlands--and explores the consequences of the maternal function for women's aspirations to the rights of citizenship. one of the issues Allen explores are the historical past of the maternal position, psychoanalysis and theories at the mother-child courting, alterations in family members legislations from 1890-1914, the commercial prestige of moms, and reproductive accountability.

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Additional resources for Feminism and Motherhood in Western Europe, 1890-1970: The Maternal Dilemma

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Men will never persuade them,” she predicted confidently, “that they must throw off their sex in order to end their servitude. ”45 But not all French feminists shared this nostalgic longing for the lost golden age—indeed, commented the journalist J. 47 Among them was the brilliant and acerbic Madeleine Pelletier, one of very few who developed a principled critique of the ideology of gender difference. To Pelletier, the Bachofen fad was all too typical of French feminists—a group led by women who were afraid to endanger their privileged position as the wives of rich men by advocating radical causes such as woman suffrage.

69 In Belgium, Louis Frank, a lawyer who was also a leader of the national feminist organization, likewise used historical arguments to advocate gender 32 F           M           W       E     equality. “Marital authority is not a natural institution that originated in a process of free consent and mature reflection,” he declared, “it is the product of a brutal reaction. ”70 Frank hoped that the abolition of this atavistic regime would result in a more egalitarian form of marriage, which might also serve that important policy objective, population growth.

In a book that was widely cited in both Europe and North America, the American anthropologist Otis Tufton Mason asserted in 1899 that prehistoric women had been the chief creators of human culture. Mason argued against his Darwinist opponents that not only competition, but also cooperation had furthered the survival of human groups. Maternal tenderness was the first civilized value. “All the social fabrics of the world are built around women,” Mason concluded. ”26 By 1900, ethnological data was so profuse as to undermine any attempt to identify fixed and universal patterns, whether in sexuality, family life, gender roles, or any other aspect of culture.

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Feminism and Motherhood in Western Europe, 1890-1970: The Maternal Dilemma by A. Allen

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