By Andreas Dufter, Daniel Jacob
Focus–background constitution has taken heart degree in a lot present theorizing approximately sentence prosody, syntax, and semantics. besides the fact that, either the stock of concentration expressions chanced on cross-linguistically and the interpretive results linked to every one of those remain insufficiently defined. This quantity goals at delivering new observations at the availability and using concentration markings in Romance languages. In doing so, it files the plurality of study on concentration in Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian, and Romanian. themes coated contain constituent fronting and clefting, the location of matters and concentration debris, clitic doubling of gadgets, and knowledge packaging in advanced sentences. furthermore, a few contributions discover focus–background constitution from acquisitional and diachronic angles, whereas others undertake a comparative standpoint, learning ameliorations among person Romance and Germanic languages. for this reason, this quantity is of curiosity to a huge viewers inside linguistics, together with syntacticians, semanticists, and historic linguists.
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Additional info for Focus and Background in Romance Languages (Studies in Language Companion Series)
Notional preconstruction’). In concessive uses, the speaker asserts two propositions that exclude each other in terms of the notional preconstruction they involve, and, at the same time, indicates that he or she is aware of this contradiction. The concessive relation allows for the coexistence of two elements that were supposed to be incompatible. 4 Comparative uses This class takes into account contrastive or adversative uses (De Vogüe 1986), as well as uses that express a comparison without involving a contrast, as in (32): (32) Je ne nie point que si vingt métiers font la misère, vingt aventures font la solitude.
1984. How people use adverbial clauses. In Proceedings of the Tenth Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, C. Brugman & M. Macaulay (eds), 437–449. Berkeley CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society. Charolles, M. 2003. De la topicalité des adverbiaux détachés en tête de phrase. In Charolles & Prévost (eds), 11–49. Charolles, M. & Prévost, S. (eds). 2003. Adverbiaux et topiques [Special issue of Travaux de Linguistique 47]. Louvain-la-Neuve: De Boeck. Culioli, A. 1990–1999. Pour une linguistique de l’énonciation.
2) A ce compte, le jeune inconnu paraissait avoir un vrai mérite, si le talent doit se mesurer sur cette timidité première, sur cette pudeur indéfinissable que les gens promis à la gloire savent perdre dans l’exercice de leur art, comme les jolies femmes perdent la leur dans le manège de la coquetterie. (3) L’habitude du triomphe amoindrit le doute, et la pudeur est un doute peut-être. (Honoré de Balzac, Le chef d’œuvre inconnu) ‘(1) (a) If some self-important boasters believe in the future too early, (b) they are intelligent people only for the silly.
Focus and Background in Romance Languages (Studies in Language Companion Series) by Andreas Dufter, Daniel Jacob