By Nancy Goldstone
For fanatics of Alison Weir and Antonia Fraser, acclaimed writer Nancy Goldstone’s exciting historical past of the royal daughters who succeeded in ruling—and shaping—thirteenth-century Europe
Set opposed to the backdrop of the 13th century, a time of chivalry and crusades, troubadors, knights and monarchs, Four Queens is the tale of 4 provocative sisters—Marguerite, Eleanor, Sanchia, and Beatrice of Provence—who rose from close to obscurity to develop into the main coveted and strong girls in Europe. Each sister during this awesome kin used to be attractive, cultured, and finished yet what made those ladies so awesome used to be that every grew to become queen of a significant eu power—France, England, Germany and Sicily. in the course of their reigns, they exercised huge political authority, raised armies, intervened diplomatically and helped redraw the map of Europe. Theirs is a drama of braveness, sagacity and ambition that re-examines the idea that of management within the heart a while.
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Extra resources for Four Queens: The Provencal Sisters Who Ruled Europe
In I Cor. 7:40 (CSEL 81 /2, 90); Comm. in I Tim. 3 (CSEL 50, 400). 62 See Leo C. Mohlberg, L. Eizenh¨ofer, and P. ), Sacramentarium Veronense, Rerum ecclesiasticarum documenta, series major, fontes 1 (Rome, 1956), 139–41; or Ritzer, 421 –44. 20 (CCL 113:89–97). See especially sections 6–9, pp. 91 –93. 64 The rank of deacons or lay-ministers was unusually important in Spain, especially in cathedrals: see Lexikon f¨ur Theologie und Kirche (Freiburg, 1957–65), vol. 6, 996, and Dictionnaire d’arch´eologie chr´etienne et de liturgie (Paris, 1907–53), vol.
34 Second, a marriage created by consensus de praesenti, according to Alexander, could be dissolved in some circumstances before, but not after, it was consummated. 37 Although Hugh of St. Victor and Peter Lombard did not envisage any role for coitus in the formation of the marriage bond, canonists and theologians found it easy to adapt Hugh’s theory of the twofold sacrament to explain why unconsummated marriage was still dissoluble (under special circumstances) but consummated marriage was indissoluble.
Reynolds kiss passed from the betrothal into the wedding itself. The ring and the handclasp were originally features of agreements of all sorts, but their specialized incorporation into the nuptial process gave them new meaning. ) Two conspicuous features of the medieval marriage ceremonies that are no longer customary today are the pallium and the blessing of the bedchamber. 59 The veiling was always linked to blessing, and the terms velatio and benedictio are virtually synonymous in the early liturgical texts.
Four Queens: The Provencal Sisters Who Ruled Europe by Nancy Goldstone