By Alan H. Goodman
The so-called technology wars pit technological know-how opposed to tradition, and nowhere is the fight extra contentious--or extra fraught with paradox--than within the burgeoning realm of genetics. A positive reaction, and a welcome intervention, this quantity brings jointly organic and cultural anthropologists to behavior an interdisciplinary discussion that provokes and instructs at the same time it bridges the science/culture divide.
Individual essays handle concerns raised via the technological know-how, politics, and heritage of race, evolution, and id; genetically converted organisms and genetic illnesses; gene paintings and ethics; and the boundary among people and animals. the result's an entree to the complex nexus of questions caused by means of the facility and significance of genetics and genetic pondering, and the dynamic connections linking tradition, biology, nature, and technoscience. the amount bargains severe views on technological know-how and tradition, with contributions that span disciplinary divisions and arguments grounded in either organic views and cultural research. a useful source and a provocative creation to new study and pondering at the makes use of and learn of genetics, Genetic Nature/Culture is a version of fruitful discussion, providing the quandaries confronted via students on either side of the two-cultures debate.
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Extra resources for Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Science beyond the Two-Culture Divide
Laughlin, and J. S. Weiner, among others. Besides indicating what were considered the relevant issues for human population genetics in the 1960s, the WHO report forecast the areas that would receive greatest attention in the Amazon studies: genetic components in mortality and fertility differentials, biological consequences of inbreeding, disease patterns, biological relationships among populations, and so on. THE FOCUS OF RESEARCH IN HUMAN BIOLOGY IN AMAZONIA How did the research in human biology in Amazonia situate the subjects under investigation in the broader scenario of world history?
Neel justiﬁed beginning research with the Yanomámi on the basis that they were more culturally intact than the Xavánte, which he believed made them more appropriate for research on internal tribal dynamics (1994: 134). , subjects perceived as untouched by Western history and thus having generalizable attributes) was an approach that not only oriented the research in Amazonia but also served as the framework for much research in human biology during the 1960s. For example, it was this logic that permeated the human adaptability component of the International Biological Programme (HA-IBP), whose activities lasted from the early 1960s until the mid-1970s and which included part of the genetic research carried out by Neel and collaborators in Amazonia (Neel 1968, 1994: 130; Neel and Salzano 1967).
I listened uncomprehendingly, as the mature males, gathered in a group, discussed . . the day’s events, and planned for the next day. In the background, the young males began to discharge their nightly function of chanting before each house. Suddenly the thought came to me that I was witness to a scene which, in one variation or another, had characterized our ancestors for the past several million years. . Here was the basic unit of human evolution—the band or village—considering its interaction with other similar units and the environment.
Genetic Nature/Culture: Anthropology and Science beyond the Two-Culture Divide by Alan H. Goodman