By George Hewitt
This article kinds a part of a chain which goals to make on hand trustworthy and updated descriptions of the grammatical constitution of a variety of Oriental and African languages, in a sort comfortably available to the non-specialist.
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Additional info for Georgian: A Structural Reference Grammar
4 An example of an NP\S could be sings, which can combine with the NP Kim to its left to form the S Kim sings. ) Categories constructed with • are known as PRODUCT CATEGORIES. An expression of category A•B is a phrase consisting of an expression of category A and an expression of category B immediately to the right of the A. For example, in addition to the category S, Kim sings also has the category NP•VP. Indeed, any expression—not just Kim sings—belongs to more than one category in a TLG. To see that this is so, one need look no further than the theorem TR: an expression of category A will also have category B/(A\B), C/((B/(A\B))\C), etc.
Capital Greek letters are used as variables over sequences, so that well-formed sequences include not only “A, B,” but also Γ, or Δ, or combinations such as “Γ1, A/B, Δ, Γ2,” seen in the /L rule. The material to the right of the is known as the CONSEQUENT (or SUCCEDENT). Unlike the antecedent, which must be a sequence of categories, the consequent is a single category. As mentioned above, the equivalent of Reflexivity is the Axiom rule. ” The remaining rules form the equivalent of Residuation. They are < previous page page_33 next page > < previous page page_34 next page > Page 34 divided into L(EFT) RULES (/L, \L), which specify the behavior of a constructor on the left-hand side of a conclusion, and R(IGHT) RULES (/R, \R), which specify the behavior of a constructor on the right-hand side of a conclusion.
The connection between terms and types is that Term is partitioned into subsets Termτ for each τ in Typ, and each of these subsets Termτ contains only terms of type τ. Following is an enumeration of all possible kinds of term for any set Termτ. First of all, Termτ can contain VARIABLES, noted as Varτ, and CONSTANTS, noted as Conτ, as indicated in (36a,b). (36) a. b. Each set Termτ can contain FUNCTIONAL APPLICATIONS, defined in (37) as terms of form α(β), where α has type σ→τ, and β has type σ.
Georgian: A Structural Reference Grammar by George Hewitt