Download e-book for kindle: Greening through IT: Information Technology for by Bill Tomlinson

By Bill Tomlinson

ISBN-10: 0262013932

ISBN-13: 9780262013932

Environmental matters usually span lengthy classes of time, far-flung components, and labyrinthine layers of complexity. In Greening via IT, invoice Tomlinson investigates how the instruments and strategies of data know-how (IT) can assist us take on environmental difficulties at such tremendous scales. Tomlinson describes theoretical, technological, and social points of a turning out to be interdisciplinary method of sustainability, "Green IT," delivering either a human-centered framework for knowing eco-friendly IT platforms and particular examples and case stories of eco-friendly IT in motion. Tomlinson descrobes many efforts towards sustainability supported via IT--from fishers in India who maximized the revenues capability in their capture by way of coordinating their actions with cell phones to the deploy of clever meters that optimize electrical energy use in California households--and bargains 3 exact stories of particular examine tasks that he and his colleagues have undertaken: EcoRaft, an interactive museum convey to aid little ones study rules of recovery ecology; Trackulous, a suite of web-based instruments with which individuals can chart their very own environmental habit; and GreenScanner, an internet approach that offers entry to environmental-impact reviews approximately customer items. Taken jointly, those examples illustrate the numerous environmental advantages that suggestions in info expertise can enable.

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By bringing together experts from a range of backgrounds, the developers sought to avoid the various problems often encountered by homogeneous teams. For example, in the EcoRaft project (chapter 6), having several ecologists on the team helped ensure that virtual creatures inhabiting the interactive simulation of a Costa Rican rain forest exhibited plausible behavioral patterns and interactions. Had this team been composed only of engineers and artists, the virtual ecosystems would have lacked the veracity that the ecologists could help provide.

The Great Park currently being developed in Orange County, California, includes a wildlife corridor to connect adjacent wild areas. Wildlife corridors improve the survival of species by enabling gene flow between different populations. More efficient use of space can be made possible by computational modeling of the various human and nonhuman factors of land use (see, for example, [Berry, Hazen, MacIntyre, & Flamm, 1996]). By taking these factors into account, land-use planning can be done more effectively.

The reindeer ate all the available food; when there was a cold winter in 1963–64, nearly the entire herd died. In 1966, a count showed only forty-two reindeer there (Klein, 1968). A similar phenomenon could also be happening to people. We have developed techniques for utilizing the world’s raw materials and producing food that enable us to have a large number of people on Earth. At the same time, it is not clear that these techniques represent a lifestyle that is sustainable in the long term. It may be that people run out of raw materials, and the system can no longer support our population, leading to a significant reduction in the human population.

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Greening through IT: Information Technology for Environmental Sustainability by Bill Tomlinson

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