By A. D. Dodge (editor)
A overview of crucial components of the biochemistry of herbicide motion. The introductory bankruptcy starts with the sector of herbicide discovery, by way of chapters facing the herbicidal inhibition of photosynthesis, carotenoid biosynthesis, lipid biosynthesis, and amino acid biosynthesis. The metabolism of herbicides is mentioned with specific connection with the formation of poisonous elements from non-toxic chemical compounds, and in addition the inactivation of poisonous chemical substances as a foundation for selectivity. the ultimate chapters are inquisitive about mechanisms of herbicide resistance in crops and the potential of shifting resistance to vulnerable vegetation. A word list of crucial herbicidal chemical substances pointed out within the textual content is integrated.
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Extra resources for Herbicides and Plant Metabolism (Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series (No. 38))
Several data are in favour of this allosteric model, which includes the idea of spatially separated herbicide binding sites with the Qfi-protein. First, the different chemical nature of molecules interacting with the Qfi-protein: diuron-type herbicides, phenol-type inhibitors, quinones, bicarbonate and formate. Secondly, plastoquinone not only interacts with the Qs-protein, but also with the cytochrome b6# complex; most inhibitors of the Qfi-protein seem not to affect the cyt. b6/f complex. Thirdly, there is evidence from herbicide resistance studies that show that thylakoids from triazine-resistant plants remain sensitive to urea herbicides.
Govindjee (1981). Evidence for a close spatial location of the binding sites for CO2 and for photosystem II inhibitors. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 634, 105-16. Kyle, D. (1985). The 32,000 dalton Qe-protein of photosystem II. Photochem. , 41, 107-16. Mathis, P. W. (1984). Effect of phenolic herbicides on the oxygen-evolving side of photosystem II. Formation of the carotenoid cation. Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 767, 217-22. , Hoffmann-Falk, H. & Edelman, M. (1981). The rapidly metabolized 32,000-dalton polypeptide of the chloroplast is the 'proteinaceous shield1 regulating photosystem II electron transport and mediating diuron herbicide sensitivity.
Z. , 41c, 240-5. Trebst, A. & Draber, W. (1986). Inhibitors of photosystem II and the topology of the herbicide and Q B binding polypeptide in the thylakoid membrane. , 10, 381-92. S. & Van Steekelenburg, P. A. (1965). The effect of the herbicides simetone and DCMU on photosynthesis. Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen, 65 (13), 1-8. S. (1969). Polyphosphate formation in Scenedesmus in relation to photosynthesis. In: Progress in Photosynthesis Research, Vol. Ill, ed. H. Metzner, pp. 1769-76. Tubingen.
Herbicides and Plant Metabolism (Society for Experimental Biology Seminar Series (No. 38)) by A. D. Dodge (editor)